Defining Policy Analysis
Policy analysis is a critical element of policymaking. There are many types and techniques of conducting policy analysis that are important to the end result. For example, the ability for a decision maker to make a sound decision that promoted the public welfare. In this Section, the Learner will have an opportunity to consider the fundamental characteristics of policy analysis in preparation for analyzing a policy later in the course.
Required Reading:
Dunn, W.N. (2012): Chapters 1, 2, 3
Edwards, M., & Huddleston, J. (2010)

Problem Structuring
Compare Methods of Structuring a Problem
Structuring a problem for analysis is a critical step in the process of developing appropriate policies to serve the public good. Identifying the correct problem so that the right solution methods are considered is essential.
For this activity , prepare a paper explaining process of structuring problems. Compare and contrast the utility of different methods of structuring a problem.
Length: 4-5 pages (app. 350 words per page)
Your paper should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts that are presented in the course and provide new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and the current APA standards.

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In policy analysis, the first step is to define the problem. This step is crucial in finding realistic solutions to problems in society. A poorly defined problem can lead to conflicting goals among stakeholders, and a poorly defined problem can be unsolvable. The time spent on structuring the statement of the problem pays off in the form of workable solutions.
This paper will discuss global climate change as an example. The implications of global climate change are far reaching, and the solutions to the problems caused by climate change are not easy to find. Different stakeholders have conflicting goals, and finding a solution that satisfies all stakeholders can be all but impossible.
Defining the Problem: Average global temperatures are rising. There is evidence in many parts of the world, including the South Pacific, in the Antarctic, and within the Arctic Circle. Scientists agree that global climate change is occurring and that it is a man-made phenomenon. The best science also predicts that global warming will lead to droughts, increased tropical cyclone activity (tropical cyclones include typhoons and hurricanes), and increased volatility in the weather worldwide. According to recent research, the increase in Arctic temperatures has caused colder winter weather in North America, as well as more rain and snow. (Union of Concern Scientists, 2013)
The fact that global climate change (the phenomenon formerly known as global warming) exists is not a problem. The implications and results of global climate change are problems. They range from the probable extinction of polar bears outside of zoos to the death of Lake Erie (again) to starvation in Africa. Hurricanes Sandy and Katrina are harbingers of future hurricanes, and warmer water will provide disease-carrying mosquitoes increased breeding ground. There are many problems...

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