Analysis and Counterargument on an Argument Against Capital Punishment (720 words)

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Question

Analyze and then construct a valid counterargument to the following:

P1: Capital punishment entails the killing of a convicted criminal as punishment for a crime.
P2: Punishment for a crime is a circumstance.
P3: ‘Killing’ here refers to the deliberate termination of the life of a person.
P4: A convicted criminal is a person.
P5. Deliberate termination of the life of a person is impermissible under any circumstances.
C: Therefore, capital punishment is impermissible under any circumstances.   

Solution Preview

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The argument presented above lays out premises and a conclusion in support of the position that capital punishment is impermissible under any circumstances. The argument is deductive and valid. As discussed in the previous paper concerned with explaining and justifying this argument, its soundness is indeterminate because it depends on premises—the fourth and fifth—which could be characterized as ‘moral’. At the very least, determining the truth of P4 and P5 is not as straightforward as determining the truth of the statement that it is raining right...

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