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Unit 9 Assignment
Topis: Mental Disorders Prevalence And Access To Mental Healthcare Services
Instructions:
In this unit, you will produce a capstone project. Title Page (1 page)
• Abstract (1 page)
• Dedication (1 page)
• Acknowledgements (1 page)
• Table of Contents (1 page)
• Background (4–5 pages; minimum 10 scholarly references)
• Introduction paragraph (1/2 page)
• General Problem Statement (1 page)
• Specific Problem Statement (1 page)
• Purpose Statement (1 page)
• Research Questions (1/4 page)
• Annotated Bibliography (10 pages; minimum 20 scholarly references)
• Findings (4–5 pages; minimum of 5 scholarly references)
• Introduction paragraph (1/2 page)
• Use and Application of Findings (1/2 page)
• Recommendation 1 (1 page)
• Recommendation 2 (1 page)
• Recommendation 3 (1 page)
• Reference Page (1+ pages; minimum of 30 scholarly references).

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Mental Disorders Prevalence and Access to Mental Healthcare Services
The following research paper aims at assessing the general problem of accessibility to mental health services in America. The specific problem is to investigate the state of mental health and health services in the state of Idaho.   
Background
In today’s world, the prevalence of mental disorders is on a significant rise. According to World Health Organization (2019), mental disorders are constituted of a broad range of issues with distinct symptoms. Nonetheless, these disorders are generally attributed with some combination of disordered or abnormal emotions, thoughts, and relationships with others. The U.S. National Library of Medicine (2019) adds that mental disorders often affect a person’s ability to function each day. Americans of all ages, religions and social classes are experiencing increased depression, anxiety, stress, substance abuse, and personality disorders among others. Again, some Americans are born with pre-existing mental disorders such as schizophrenia. According to Brådvik (2018), the effect of the high prevalence of mental disorders is increased suicide, substance abuse and a relatively unhealthy society. However, access to mental health services is limited for most individuals across America. Due to lack of access to mental health, the number of undiagnosed mental cases has also increased. Therefore, this presents a research problem investigate the reasons most Americans lack access to mental health services. The following section seeks to identify the general problem statement, describes the specific problem statement, indicates the purpose statement, and documents the research questions.
General Problem Statement
The general problem is that millions of Americans lack access to mental healthcare services because of lack of funding, facilities, awareness and costs. According to Bishop, Seirup, Pincus and Ross (2016), the population of psychiatrists has dwindled by 10.2% over 10 years. For instance, the number of practicing physicians fell from 37,968 to 37,889 between 2003 and 2013. Moreover, the number of mental health beds in public hospitals has decreased by about 4500 in less than 5 years (Bishop et al., 2016). According to the Healthy People Gov. (2019), the situation is also worse in rural areas. It is projected that at least 60% of rural regions across the U.S. have no practicing psychiatrist (NAMI, 2018). Most mental healthcare services are concentrated in urban areas, which creates a huge gap in accessibility. Already, the U.S healthcare system is facing a workforce crisis as the number of health professionals does not meet the rising demand. Mental healthcare services have been adversely affected by the workforce shortages leaving millions of Americans without access to mental healthcare services.
The lack of accessibility to mental healthcare services is when demand is high as the prevalence of mental issues increases. In 2018, 46 million American adults and 7 million youths were considered experiencing different mental disorders (NAMI, 2018). For instance, in 2015, 21.7 million Americans aged over 12 years were treated for substance abuse disorders (Lipari, Park-Lee & Van Horn, 2016). About 17 million Americans over 18 years also experience major depressive disorders. In addition, about 47,000 Americans die because of committing suicide, which is fueled by a mental disorder (Lipari, Park-Lee & Van Horn, 2016). Therefore, the rate of mental disorder occurrences is increasing while access to healthcare services is declining. The current research aims at illustrating the gap between the rising incidences of mental disorders and the reducing access to mental healthcare services.      
Specific Problem Statement
The specific problem is that Idaho faces an increased shortage of mental healthcare services, resources, and workforce amidst a high rate of mental disorders. Idaho is one of the lowest-ranked states in America in terms of mental healthcare accessibility and resources. The state is ranked above the average rate of prevalence in mental issues. In Idaho, nearly a quarter of the adult population suffers from a mental sickness or disorder. Again, 6% of this population experiences severe or long-term mental disorders (Story, Kirkwood, Parker & Weller, 2016). In addition, Idaho reports about 48% higher rate of suicide compared to the national average. According to Story et al. (2016), the youth in Idaho are also twice probable to attempt suicide compared with the national average. The highest number of patients treated for mental disorders are those aged between 21 and 64 years (6,279 patients) and those aged 0 to 17 years (2,305 patients) (Story et al., 2016). Overall, the rate of mental complications is increasing at an alarming rate across Idaho.
Furthermore, Idaho is considered to be among the lowest states in terms of provision and accessibility of mental healthcare services. According to Beck, Page, Buche, Rittman and Gaiser (2018), Idaho has the lowest ration of psychiatrists per population with about 5.3 psychiatrists per 100,000 of its population. In comparison, states such as Washington have some of the highest psychiatrists per population at about 43.5 psychiatrists per its 100,000 population (Beck et al., 2018). In addition, the number of patients who can access psychiatric hospitals or community treatment is below the average rate of America. About 66% of the population has access to psychiatric hospitals in Idaho (Beck et al., 2018). Therefore, Idaho faces an increasing rate of mental complications and reduced access to mental healthcare services, resources, and funding.
Purpose Statement
Research Questions
This research investigates the rate of mental health issues in Idaho and the accessibility to mental healthcare services, resources and funding. The specific purpose of the research is to determine why mental health cases are increasing while mental healthcare services, resources, and funding are decreasing. According to Roehrig (2016), almost 50 million Americans, including adults and youths, suffer from mental health complications. Nevertheless, due to lack of awareness and access to mental healthcare services, there are millions of undiagnosed mental cases. For instance, individuals with a substance abuse disorder are not well identified. The research will focus on assessing the number of individuals who experience symptoms related to mental disorders, but remain undiagnosed because of lack of awareness or access to mental healthcare services.
Mental healthcare cases vary in terms of causes, severity, and treatments. Mental cases occur based on many factors such as social, cultural, education, and socio-economic aspects. Most of the common mental complications such as substance abuse, depression, anxiety, stress, and antisocial behaviors are treatable. Nevertheless, when not treated, they can lead to additional...

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