1. The main factor behind recent civil wars has been
A. neocolonialism.
B. famine.
C. ethnic rivalries.
D. economic nationalism.

2. In the 1980s, as colonies gained independence, instances of terrorism
A. increased dramatically.
B. remained about the same.
C. decreased.
D. increased slightly.

3. The concept of "Vietnamization" was initiated by
A. Richard Nixon.
B. Dwight Eisenhower.
C. Lyndon Johnson.
D. John Kennedy.

4. According to your textbook, which of the following has had the greatest impact on human communication?
A. Television
B. Social media
C. Cell phones
D. The Internet

5. Within Third World countries, which of the following statements comes closest to characterizing economic growth without economic development?
A. Enormous multinational profits fund social reforms in order to maintain political stability.
B. Economic growth is accompanied by natural radical resource depletion.
C. The urban poor participate in a bazaar economy.
D. Profits go to multinationals and elites and are not used to develop the country.

6. After the death of Stalin in 1953, Nikita Khrushchev initiated a program of de-Stalinization. A foreign policy ramification of that program proposed an atmosphere of _______ with the West.
A. détente
B. stabile relations
C. positive relations
D. peaceful coexistence

7. Since the stunning 2002 electoral victory of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), the people of Turkey have been concerned that the AKP
A. will restore Ottoman-style authoritarianism.
B. will attempt to spread Turkish culture across the Middle East.
C. will embrace radical socialism.
D. will challenge Turkey's strict separation of church and state.

8. Within Lebanon, Hezbollah can best be thought of as
A. a peace-seeking legislative faction within Lebanon's parliament.
B. a militant Shi'a political organization.
C. the military arm of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
D. anti-Zionist Sunni extremists.

9. Demographic factors that contributed to the rise of the counterculture included all of the following, except
A. mass communications and youth travel spread the counterculture over North America and Europe.
B. the postwar baby boom meant that young people made up a large portion of the population.
C. the use of LSD and other psychedelics led to widespread impulsive behavior.
D. postwar prosperity meant that young people had significant purchasing power.

10. In 2007, what incident led to Pervez Musharraf's fall from power in Pakistan?
A. The election of Benazir Bhutto's husband to the presidency
B. The replacement of the chief justice of the Supreme Court with one of his political allies
C. The international reaction to Pakistan's acquisition of nuclear weapons
D. The assassination of Benazir Bhutto

11. Regarding Rajiv Gandhi's term as prime minister in India, which statement is true?
A. He rejected his mother's socialist policies.
B. He repudiated capitalist reform.
C. He resumed harsh opposition to Sikh militants.
D. He initiated the independence movement in what became Bangladesh.

12. In Latin America, economic nationalism has been most successful in
A. Mexico and Central America.
B. Argentina and Brazil.
C. Chile and Argentina.
D. Mexico and Brazil.

13. When the Big Three met at _______, Harry Truman demanded free elections in Eastern Europe. Stalin's refusal was a factor in the emergent Cold War.
A. Yalta
B. Tehran
C. Berlin
D. Potsdam

14. In Nigeria, the Biafran War began
A. when an Ibo-led military council proclaimed a centralized dictatorship.
B. with the death of the military dictator General Sani Abacha.
C. after a countercoup by Nigerian Muslims seized the national government.
D. after Nigeria was divided into 19 small units.

15. Analysis reveals that _______ is among those countries with the lowest per capita GDP.
A. India
B. Mexico
C. Argentina
D. Romania

16. The Truman Doctrine was characterized by the concept of
A. détente.
B. containment.
C. universal sovereignty.
D. self-determination.

17. In French-speaking Africa, which state adopted radical Marxism?
A. Ghana
B. Ivory Coast
C. Mali
D. Senegal

18. In Japan, under the sweeping authority of General Douglas MacArthur, all of the following reforms were enacted, except
A. the emperor was to remain a symbolic head of state.
B. antitrust laws were abolished.
C. women were granted equality before the law.
D. land reform assured MacArthur's support from Japan's peasants.

19. Among the many Eastern European revolutions of 1989, the only violent, bloody revolution took place in
A. Hungary.
End of exam
B. Romania.
C. Czechoslovakia.
D. Poland.

20. In the mid- to late-nineteenth century, John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil held a global monopoly on
A. shale oil.
B. petroleum.
C. natural gas.
D. kerosene

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1. The main factor behind recent civil wars has been
A. neocolonialism.
B. famine.
C. ethnic rivalries.
D. economic nationalism.

Answer: C...
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