Questions 1 to 20: Select the best answer to each question.

1. Brent and Jin Lee are discussing control mechanisms for police departments. Brent says that internal control mechanisms are meant to establish policies and guidelines to control officers' behavior. Jin Lee says that they’re meant to establish control from a review board or legislative court. Who is correct?
A. Both are correct.
B. Only Brent is correct.
C. Neither is correct.
D. Only Jin Lee is correct.

2. During the last few decades, highly organized and militaristically armed units called _______ have become popular in the United States.
A. paramilitary units
B. collective forces
C. enforcerment squads
D. urban street fighters

3. The decision to make an arrest may often depend on the
A. demeanor of the suspect.
B. age of the suspect.
C. Agency General Orders.
D. level of offense.

4. An external control of policing designed to maintain discipline among police officers was the
A. law enforcement reporting system.
B. civilian review board.
C. citizen-complaint board.
D. external affairs unit.

5. That police behavior is influenced and shaped by culture is a belief of the _______ perspective.
A. cultural
B. sociological
C. psychological
D. anthropological

6. The authority granted by Terry v. Ohio has been used to support
A. temporary arrest.
B. arrest based on reasonable suspicion.
C. specific detention.
D. stop-and-frisk.

7. Procedural guidelines limit
A. officer discretion.
B. specialization.
C. management levels.
D. training options.

8. One-officer patrol units have _______ when compared to two-officer units.
A. greater resistance to arrests
B. more concerns regarding officer safety
C. more complaints
D. better performance in terms of arrests, complaints, reports filed

9. The majority of police services or operational activities result from which unit(s)?
A. Criminal investigation
B. Patrol, criminal investigation, and traffic
C. Patrol
D. Traffic

10. There are high rates of _______ in the police culture.
A. diabetes
B. alcoholism and drug abuse
C. cancer
D. mental health problems

11. Conflict, discretion, and knowledge of legal mandates are considered a police officer's _______ stressors.
A. psychological
B. organizational
C. functional
D. personal

12. The crime suppression force devotes its time almost exclusively to
A. patrol.
B. criminal interception.
C. crime prevention and deterrence.
D. call-answering.

13. When officers perform an undercover operation, they need to be careful of which of the following claims?
A. Entrapment
B. Human trafficking
C. Discrimination
D. Hate crime

14. Which of the following statements about police discretion is true?
A. It can be based on age.
B. It is limited to arrests.
C. It is unnecessary.
D. It is generally not used against minorities.

15. Vice laws are designed to
A. control morality.
B. eliminate domestic abuse.
C. keep drugs off the street.
D. prevent juvenile crime.

16. Police officers typically make decisions to enforce laws based on
A. their supervisor's guidance.
B. quotas
C. how minor the offense is.
D. their interpretation of community expectations.

17. When an officer uses force too quickly or needlessly, he or she is guilty of _______ force.
A. extralegal
B. discretionary
C. excessive
D. unnecessary

18. Citizen complaints to a 911 call center are less likely to result in _______ than police-initiated activities.
A. formal reports
B. arrests
C. the solving of crimes
D. guns being drawn

19. Which of the following is not a police officer classification established by Muir?
A. Rule appliers
B. Enforcers
C. Avoiders
D. Professionals

20. One basic objective of foot patrol is to
A. make greater use of patrol officers available for crime prevention tasks.
B. eliminate apathy about reporting crime to the police.
C. increase the number of misdemeanor arrests.
D. take advantage of rough terrain for crime prevention

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Question 1: The answer is option B
Question 2: The answer is option A
Question 3: The answer is option A
Question 4: The answer is option B...

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