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This material may consist of step-by-step explanations on how to solve a problem or examples of proper writing, including the use of citations, references, bibliographies, and formatting. This material is made available for the sole purpose of studying and learning - misuse is strictly forbidden.INTRODUCTION. According to Lott of World Health Advocacy (2011) India has the best healthcare in the world while 600 million of the rural and poor population access to quality and affordable healthcare is not available. Why do you ask? The reason is nine out of ten doctors work in the private sector and the poor individuals cannot afford to pay for care. In a reported by the World Health Organization indicated 70% of the population pay a significant portion of their income on healthcare. Annually 40 million individuals become poverty stricken as a result of the inability to pay their out of pocket medical expenses. A major issue of India’s healthcare crisis is not only insufficient sources in that the capacity to meet the needs of the population but the lack of funds to maintain the needs of the communities.
Demand for Health Care in India
As a result of years of indifference public healthcare facilities for the low income population have a number of issues such as significant shortage supplies and staff as compared to the conditions in the private healthcare system. Although there is a large percentage of workers in the private sector with only a high school education or no medical degree, writes Luther (2012).
Two of the major healthcare programs in India, the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) run by the central government in an attempt to improve the delivery of service in the public facilities it is directed by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The other is the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) a health insurance program directed by the Ministry of Labour and Employment. It is this which generally covers those individuals classified as below the poverty line for a determined set of tertiary care services. The NRHM was created in 2006 has had minimal success to improve some services while the RSBY has been effective in the reduction of out of pocket costs for tertiary care.
According to Luther (2012) India is one of the world’s countries which spends the least ratio of gross domestic product (GDP) estimated which the government has promised to increase from the current 1% to 2.5% between 2012 and 2017....