Question

Explain the theories about Neanderthal's extinction.
Which one is best supported?
How, or by what mechanisms could Homo sapiens have been able to replace Neanderthals? (include both cultural and physical mechanisms).

Use textbook:
Ember, Carol R., Melvin Ember, and Peter N. Peregrine. Human Evolution and Culture: Highlights of Anthropology. 7th ed. 2011
Chapter 7-8

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According to Ember, Ember, and Peregrine (2011), research suggests three theories for Neanderthal extinction: Interbreeding with Homo sapiens sapiens, H. sapiens sapiens wiped out the Neanderthals, or competition with H. sapiens sapiens killed them. At the very least, paleoarchaeological evidence shows that modern humans displaced Neanderthals already living in Europe (Ember, Ember, and Peregrine 2011:138)....

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