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What processes result in linguistic divergence?
When groups of linguistically similar people become physically or socially separated, thereby blocking off communication with each other, linguistic divergence begins to occur over a long period of time. Gradually, different dialects begin to develop through phonological, morphological, and syntactical changes, eventually developing into new languages. Ember, Ember, and Peregrine (236) point to how distance, even without geographic barriers, such as oceans, mountains, or deserts, can cause linguistic diversion, citing the vast English dialectical differences in the British Isles between London in the south and Scotland in the north....