QuestionQuestion

Extra Credit Discussion

Anthropology classes open the door to a diverse and growing number of employment opportunities. Biological Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Archaeology and Linguistic Anthropologists can find employment in many public and private sectors. Do a some research (brief internet search) and report on what a person can do with a degree in Anthropology.

Psychology – Intro to Biological Psychology
Study Guide
1. The split brain operation saves the life of the patient, but usually results in major deficits, such as the loss of language abilities.
a. True
b. False

2. Lateralization occurs in species other than human beings, suggesting that it provides some advantages for survival.
a. True
b. False

3. 3. All left-handed people process language in the right hemisphere, and all right-handed people process language in the left hemisphere.
a. True
b. False

4. 4. A significant mutation in the FOXP2 gene associated with language abilities occurred prior to the branching of species leading to modern chimpanzees and humans.
a. True
b. False

5. Autism spectrum disorder and schizophrenia share some common genetic underpinnings.
a. True
b. False

6. Lateralization refers to the
a. localization of a function to one hemisphere or the other in the brain.
b. localization of a function to one of the lobes of the brain.
c. tendency for important functions to be localized in areas away from the midline of the brain.
d. tendency for both the human brain and body to be quite symmetrical.

7. In cases of Rasmussen’s syndrome, the complete removal of the cortex of one hemisphere during childhood:
a. saves the child’s life at the expense of intelligence and mobility.
b. has been discontinued due to its poor record of reducing seizures.
c. demonstrates that we only need about 10 percent of our brain for normal functioning.
d. significantly reduces seizures while producing relatively mild side effects.

8. Split-brain operations are most commonly used to treat
a. epilepsy.
b. schizophrenia.
c. bipolar disorder.
d. autism spectrum disorder.

9. Fiber pathways connecting the two hemispheres are known as
a. tracts.
b. commissures.
c. ganglia.
d. decussations.

10. In his work to assist 16 patients suffering from uncontrollable seizures associated with epilepsy, how many of the commissures did Joseph Bogen severe in these patients?
a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. all 4

11. Split-brain operations
a. are not successful in treating epilepsy.
b. improve the frequency of seizures, but not the severity.
c. improve the severity of seizures, but not the frequency.
d. improve both the severity and frequency of seizures.

12. An aphasia is defined as a
a. total loss of the ability to produce language.
b. total or partial loss of the ability to produce or comprehend language.
c. partial loss of the ability to comprehend language.
d. total or partial loss of the ability to read or write.

13. Logical, sequential information is processed
a. more effectively in the right hemisphere in most people.
b. more effectively in the left hemisphere in most people.
c. with equal effectiveness in both hemispheres in most people.
d. more effectively in the right hemisphere in about half of all people, and more effectively in the left hemisphere in the other half.

14. Emotional, intuitive information is processed
a. more effectively in the right hemisphere in most people.
b. more effectively in the left hemisphere in most people.
c. with equal in both hemispheres in most people.
d. more effectively in the right hemisphere in about half of all people, and more effectively in the left hemisphere in the other half.

15. Which of the following processes is not lateralized?
a. language
b. motor control in the left side of the body
c. sensation of the right visual field
d. blood pressure in the torso

16. Reading and writing
a. must be specifically taught, whereas spoken language is learned through simple exposure.
b. is learned through simple exposure, whereas spoken language must be specifically taught to children.
c. cannot be localized in the human brain, although spoken language can be localized.
d. use the same areas of the brain as spoken language, so cannot be separately localized.

17. Which of the following environmental factors may influence handedness?
a. prenatal exposure to ultrasound
b. prenatal exposure to x-rays
c. routine childhood immunizations
d. diet

18. According to research by Springer and Deutsch on handedness, artistic talent, and occupational choice, handedness
a. is a strong predictor of occupational choice, but not artistic talent.
b. is a strong predictor of artistic talent, but not occupational choice.
c. is a strong predictor of both artistic talent and occupational choice.
d. fails to predict either artistic talent or occupational choice.

19. About 96 percent of right-handed people
a. localize language functions to the right hemisphere.
b. localize language functions to the left hemisphere.
c. localize language functions to both hemispheres
d. switch back and forth between the left and right hemispheres while processing language.

20. The percentage of left handers in a human society is correlated with its
a. average level of education.
b. age distribution.
c. tendency to be multilingual.
d. homicide rate.

21. The term “prosody” refers to
a. using pitch and tone to convey emotions in language.
b. turn-taking during a conversation.
c. perfect pitch.
d. recognition of different grammatical structures in language.

22. In addition to claims for language abilities in great apes, which other non-human animals might have language abilities?
a. none.
b. all mammals and some birds.
c. dogs, cats, and other domesticated species.
d. dogs, birds, whales, and dolhins.

23. Among bilinguals and multilinguals who have experienced brain damage, languages are most likely to be retained when they are learned
a. later in life with less fluency.
b. later in life with greater fluency.
c. early in life with less fluenc.
d. early in life with greater fluency.

24. American Sign Language (ASL) appears to be
a. difficult to localize, due to the large amount of variations between individuals using the language.
b. localized in the motor cortex of both hemispheres, due to its reliance on movement.
c. localized in the right hemisphere, due to its visuospatial components.
d. localized in the left hemisphere, like other languages.

25. Broca's area is located in the
a. left inferior frontal lobe.
b. right orbitofrontal cortex.
c. right superior temporal lobe.
d. left insula.

26.   Historical trends indicate that rates of human violence
a. have been stable for thousands of years.
b. have increased dramatically in the last 100 years
c. have decreased relative to ancient times
d. remain very low in hunter-gatherer groups, but have increased dramatically in nation-states.

27. Emotions have
a. subjective, but not physical qualities.
b. both physical and subjective qualities.
c. neither physical nor subjective qualities.
d. physical, but not subjective qualities.

28. Charles Darwin concluded that emotions must have evolved after studying the
a. facial expressions of humans and other primates.
b. emotional behavior of insects.
c. genetic contributions to the autonomic nervous system.
d. varying emotional behaviors of animals found in the Galapagos Islands.

29. The Yerkes-Dodson Law suggests that for simple tasks, _________ levels of arousal are associated with optimum performance.
a. moderate
b. low
c. greater
d. varying

30. Emotional expression can enhance survival by enabling us to
a. avoid negative valences.
b. produce uniform levels of arousal.
c. reduce stress.
d. communicate nonverbally with others.

31. Chewing and speaking are controlled by the_________ nerve.
a. facial
b. hypoglossal
c. trigeminal
d. abducens

32. How many major branches does the facial nerve have?
a. two
b. four
c. five
d. seven

33. The facial nuclei are located in the
a. midbrain
b. medulla
c. reticular formation.
d. pons

34. The fact that people from all cultures can normally recognize most facial expressions of emotion supports Darwin's theory that facial expressions
a. are learned early in life and are similar all over the world.
b. are part of our genetic makeup.
c. may be similar, but emotions vary greatly all over the world.
d. in humans are very different than facial expressions in apes.

35. Primary emotional expressions, such as happiness and sadness
a. must be learned by imitating adults.
b. vary widely from culture to culture.
c. are understood across different cultures.
d. are lacking in children who are blind at birth.

36. Children who are blind from birth
a. do not show normal emotional expression.
b. develop emotional expression faster than sighted infants.
c. develop emotional expression more slowly than sighted infants.
d. develop emotional expression at about the same time as sighted infants.

37. According to research on temperament, babies who are extremely unresponsive to environmental stimuli at birth may develop later in life.
a. anxiety disorders
b. antisocial or psychopathic disorders
c. major depressive disorders
d. attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

38. According to Paul Ekman, people who are lying are more likely than people who are not lying to
a. use more frequent hand gestures.
b. nod their heads more than usual.
c. move their legs more than usual.
d. make eye contact with you.

39. A ________ smile is typically viewed by scientists as genuine, and includes movement of the eye muscles that make “crow’s feet” at the corner of the eyes.
a. Steinem
b. Haritmoto
c. Ekman
d. Duchenne

40. In order to get a job at a convenience store, you had to take a lie-detector test. You were asked a series of questions and you answered truthfully that you had never stolen from your employer or lied during an interview. Unfortunately, you were not hired, because measurements recorded during these questions indicated that you were lying. What is the most likely explanation for this?
a. The test revealed that you have a personality disorder.
b. The machine was faulty, and thus misread your heart rate and galvanic skin response during only these questions.
c. You may have been afraid of being accused of dishonest behavior that you never committed.
d. Polygraphs are almost always accurate, so you must have lied about something.

41. Which type of neuroimaging technique is being explored as a more accurate way of assessing an individual’s honesty?
a. positron emission tomography (PET)
b. functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)
c. computerized tomography (CT)
d. electroencephalography (EEG)

42. The three classic theories of emotion attempt to answer which of the following questions?
a. What is the relationship between the physical and conscious experiences of emotion?
b. Are emotions learned or innate?
c. What are the purposes of emotion?
d. Does expressing an emotion reduce or enhance a person’s experience of the emotion?

43. The James-Lange theory of emotion says that we experience
a. physical states prior to subjective feelings.
b. subjective feelings prior to physical responses to emotion.
c. simultaneous physical and subjective responses.
d. subjective feelings without consideration of physical responses.

44. The James-Lange theory of emotion says that we experience
a. physical states prior to subjective feelings.
b. subjective feelings prior to physical responses to emotion.
c. simultaneous physical and subjective responses.
d. subjective feelings without consideration of physical responses.

45. Empathy may result from
a. an understanding of body language.
b. good verbal understanding.
c. the imitation of others' facial expressions.
d. the ability to express emotion clearly.

46. The concept of catharsis proposed by Freud, Lorenz, and others suggests that
a. crying makes you feel sadder.
b. crying makes you feel less sad.
c. emotions do not build up if they are not expressed.
d. expressing emotion enhances emotional feelings.

47. Kayla’s friends worry about her terrible temper, especially when she is driving. Which of the following strategies would be most helpful for reducing Kayla’s road rage?
a. encouraging her to express her feelings more regularly when she is not driving, as bottling up her anger leads to explosions
b. imitating her behavior so she can see how ridiculous she looks
c. encouraging her to see the humor in the driving behavior of others
d. encouraging her to express her feelings verbally and with gestures so she can “let off some steam”

48. The Cannon-Bard theory of emotion says that we experience
a. physical responses prior to subjective feelings of emotion.
b. subjective feelings prior to physical responses to emotion.
c. simultaneous physical and subjective emotional responses.
d. subjective feelings of emotion without the occurrence of physical responses.

49. Which sensory modality is most likely to involve processing by the anterior cingulate cortex?
a. olfaction
b. taste
c. pain
d. hearing

50. The Answer to this question is “C.” Mark the box “C.”
      a. Wrong Answer
      b. Wrong Answer
      c. This is the correct one!
      d. Wrong Answer

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These solutions may offer step-by-step problem-solving explanations or good writing examples that include modern styles of formatting and construction of bibliographies out of text citations and references. Students may use these solutions for personal skill-building and practice. Unethical use is strictly forbidden.

A degree in Anthropology is relevant in the corporate world in linking the science behind different researches and the impact on the persons involved. Studies are about the number crunching methods and extrapolations that are mostly based on statistics. An anthropology degree creates the link between the experiences of individuals and the numbers floated. It is essentially very important in the determination of the impact of the different products on the target market.
Anthropology is the study of human behavior, and in almost all fields, clients are human. It, therefore, makes economic sense to have professionals on board who are more likely to understand the differences in human conception according to their different demographics. Multinationals set up businesses in the various countries, and the cultures of the different countries they invest...

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