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Evolution Question 1 Below are character tables for groups of Eive taxa plus an outgroup. For each create the most parsimonious tree, marking where and how character states would have changed. A B Characters Organisms 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 A 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 B 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 C 1 1 0 0 1 1 D 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 E 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 Outgroup 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Characters Organisms 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 A 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 B 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 C 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 D 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 E 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 Outgroup 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 C D Characters Organisms 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 A 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 B 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 C 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 D 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 E 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 Outgroup 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Characters Organisms 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 A 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 B 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 C 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 D 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 E 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 Outgroup 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Question 2 Use the Distance Matrix Method (Unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic mean) to determine the phylogenetic trees for the following taxa with the following distance matrices. Be sure to indicate branch lengths. A B A B C D E F B 20 C 20 11 D 20 11 5 E 20 18 18 18 F 20 4 11 11 18 G 2 20 20 20 20 20 A B C D E F G B 2 C 18 18 D 18 18 6 E 20 20 20 20 F 20 20 20 20 4 G 20 20 20 20 14 14 H 20 20 20 20 14 14 10

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