Use the terms below to fill in the blanks for the following 16 ques...

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Use the terms below to fill in the blanks for the following 16 questions. Answers from the word bank may be copied and pasted directly into the answer blanks. There is only one correct answer for each question. Adaptation Crossing over Homozygous Polymorphic variation Adaptive radiation Diploid Homeostasis Reducing atmosphere Allopatric Directional Heterozygous Scientific theory Analogous Extinction Hypothesis Scientific method Ancestry Electrophoresis Hominins Sexual selection Bottleneck effect Eukaryotic Inbreeding Stabilizing Balanced polymorphism Fitness Microevolution Symbiosis Biogeography Genetic divergence Morphological convergence Sympatric Continuous variation Genetic drift Morphological divergence Taxonomy Cladograms Gene flow Natural selection Translation Chromosomes Homologous Phylogeny Transcription 1. is the process of sensing and adjusting to change by keeping conditions in the internal environment within a range that favors survival. 2. is a system of naming and classifying species. 3. is a hypothesis that is consistent with all data ever gathered and can be used to make successful predictions about other phenomena. 4. is the evolutionary history of a species or a group of them. 5. is the study of patterns in the geographic distribution of species and communities. 6. is defined as the degree of adaptation to a specific environment, and it is measured as the relative genetic contribution to future generations. 7. In cells, DNA molecules and their associated proteins form structures called 8. Converting the information encoded by a gene into its product starts with RNA synthesis, or , during which enzymes use the gene’s DNA sequence as template to assemble a strand of RNA. 9. is a process by which a chromosome and its homologous partner exchange corresponding pieces of DNA during meiosis. 10. Any change in allele frequency in the gene pool of a population or in a species is called . 11. Some traits occur in a range of small differences that is called . 12. Change from the body form of a common ancestor is an evolutionary pattern called . 13. structures look alike but did not evolve in a shared ancestor; they evolved independently after the lineages diverged. 14. With speciation populations inhabiting the same geographic region speciate in the absence of a physical barrier them. 15. With , one lineage rapidly diversifies into several new species. 16. Taxonomists now call humans and their closest extinct relative

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1.   Adaptation is the process of sensing and adjusting to change by keeping conditions in the internal environment within a range that favors survival.

2. Taxonomy is a system of naming and classifying species.

3.   Scientific theory is a hypothesis that is consistent with all...

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