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Discuss the possibility of the development of an effective vaccine against HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is an important member of retrovirus family which gradually affects the host’s immunity and causes a medical condition called as AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome). It has been discovered in 1980s and in between 1990 to 2000 HIV incidents has been increased from 8 million to 27 million. Till now it has claimed almost 30 million lives (Wawer et al., 2005). It is an area to be concerned because there is currently no vaccine available against it or treat it, it also decreases the host’s resistance for pathogenesis i.e., immune system and making them more susceptible for other pathogens for infections. The target cell of HIV is CD4+ helper T cells. As the CD4+ T cell counts goes down below a specific point, which...
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