QuestionQuestion

1. Discuss the implications of public service motivated behaviour for the design of reward systems within public sector organisations.

2. Is the 'model employer' an important attribute of public sector employment and one that should be preserved? Justify your answer using theory and evidence.

3. Critically evaluate the implementation of the equality duty. Justify your answer using evidence from the UK.

4. Is the distinction between management and leadership a valuable one in understanding the roles of senior employees in the modernised public sector?

5. Critically evaluate trade union responses to organisational change in the public sector. In your answer, you can use examples from any country or countries of your choice.

Assessment Criteria

Students will have to choose ONE essay topic from a choice of five. Essays should be thoroughly grounded in the literature, use appropriate theoretical concepts, provide illustrative examples where appropriate, and evidence of a well-constructed and argued piece of work.

The assignment will be assessed on the extent to which the student is able to achieve the following learning outcomes:

1. Display knowledge and understanding of the content, scope and limitations of the chosen topic;

2. Bring together and critically evaluate theoretical and critical perspectives on the chosen topic;

3. Integrate and reflect on in-class learning and independent study and research into the coursework;

4. Formulate and communicate a well- structured, researched and developed argument responding to the question, observing the academic standards of grammar, spelling and referencing.

N.B. Please use the Harvard system of citation and referencing

Guidelines:

- Your essay should not exceed the word limit. This excludes references which should be clearly stated at the end of your essay using the Harvard referencing style

- Please use 11pt Arial Font, double spaced.

- Clearly state the question you are answering and the word count

Solution PreviewSolution Preview

These solutions may offer step-by-step problem-solving explanations or good writing examples that include modern styles of formatting and construction of bibliographies out of text citations and references. Students may use these solutions for personal skill-building and practice. Unethical use is strictly forbidden.

Introduction
Leadership and management are used interchangeably in spite of the fact that they are not the same thing; they have different meanings. In fact, Kickert (2005, p.538) asserts that their meaning are quite distinct even if they have similarities that make people use them in place of the other. The paper seeks to explore the differences that the two terms represent and where in the business world, the differences are important. It also puts the terms in the current context so that they can be understood against the background of modern technological advancements that seek to redefine most managerial positions. In the era of telemarketing, telecommunication and outsourcing, the role and reach of leaders and managers have blurred to an extent.

Background
The world of work has undergone significant changes in recent years, and it is imperative to seek and understand these changes. Further, it is vital to examine these changes to gain perspective on the expected role of managers and leaders in steering their organizations. As Cooper points out, there was a significant restructuring of work, as we know it in the 1980’s and 1990’s more than the world had never known since the industrial revolution more than a century back (Cooper, 2012). The change was beginning to take place and organizations throughout the world suddenly started to downsize, flatten, de-layer and right size”. In whichever way that people would choose to define the period, the bottom line is that the dawn of computing redefined jobs, and a massive loss of employment occurred in all spheres of working environments.
Cooper (2012) explains that loss of jobs meant that roles had to be restructured as well with leaner organizations emerging in the market that put more emphasis on the top tier jobs while the lower level jobs were taken over by technology. As companies faced new challenges, there were fundamental changes in the way that businesses operated and the nature of leadership that businesses would need to steer into the 21st century. The changes affected the management skills that businesses desired from the persons at the helm. The leader had to become more adaptable to changes that were taking place, had to be more flexible and had to have mechanisms of handling white collar workers as opposed to blue collar workers. Additionally they had to be very conversant with the workings of the entities that were continually becoming flatter....

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