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1. Define Social Welfare. Provide a brief history of the historical foundations of social welfare in the United States dating back to the 1601 Elizabethan (English) Poor Laws. Discuss how the English Poor Laws influenced the concept of social welfare development in the United States.
2. Define the policy approach referred to as the New Federalism. Explain how this approach contributed to the welfare reform and welfare to work programs.
3. Define The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation ACT (PRWORA, 1996). Briefly explain the four purposes of this Act
4. Discuss the 1997 Welfare to Work Program. How was it created? What were the eligible activities? What role did it play in Adult Literacy Education?
5. Discuss three major ways the local social service agencies interpreted the welfare to work (TANF) policy. Explain how their interpretation affected the implementation of the welfare to work programs in regards the “Work First” approach.
6. Discuss two assumptions (of policy makers) underlining the welfare to work programs. How did these assumptions affect the requirements of TANF?

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Social welfare is defined as, “a nation’s system of programs, benefits, and services (where it can be provided by either the government or private organizations) to help people to meet those needs (social, economic, educational and health needs) that are fundamental to the maintenance of society”-Social work Dictionary. During the year 1958 an act was passed and it was revised in the year 1601; this provided a plan for helping the poor and differentiated between the three classes of poor namely the able-bodied poor, the impotent poor and the dependent children. The able-bodied poor were to be provided with work and if they refuse to work should be imprisoned. The impotent poor should be kept in almshouses and have to be taken care of and the dependent children have to be apprenticed till someone (parents or grandparents) could support them. The laws were financed through the taxes levied on lands and houses and through the money left for charitable purposes. These Elizabethan Poor laws provided a pattern of uniformity throughout England and it became the basis for framing the basic pattern in assisting the poor and unfortunate during the colonial days in America. The first almshouses in America for the care of poor were established during 1662. As England was the motherland for those settled...

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