Just-in-time is a pillar of a lean system. One of the key components in just-in-time is the control of material movement in a pull manner. The authorization to move material through visual controls is a Kanban system. Kanban is Japanese word meaning card. The visual control of material movement is often accomplished through signal cards called Kanban. A two-card system is very common. The volume and mix of production is controlled by the number of cards in the system.

1. In your own words, explain how a two-card Kanban system operates. Describe the flow of material and information.

2. Explain at least two reasons (If you can explain more that would be great) Toyota's Kanban system has not been universally adopted.

3. Some companies pay production workers on piecework incentive systems; that is, the more a worker produces, the more pay is received. Other companies have group incentive systems in which the more processed by an area, the more pay everyone working in that area receives. Still other companies compensate workers for their time; workers receive an hourly wage for each hour at work regardless of the production volume. Discuss the benefits and problems of each of these pay systems for a production area where material movement is governed by a Kanban system.

Please answer each question in depth and full detail

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Kanban System
How Kanban System Operates
The Kanban system is a production method used in Just in Time (JIT) manufacturing or production. The system involves the use of visualization or visual cards to control production. The system ensures that only what the customer orders is produced. The system involves numerous signals that trigger the flow of production and material. The Kanban system can be understood through the push and pull production systems. In push production, the production processes are planned, materials orders, and products are manufactured to create a certain quantity of stock based on an estimate of what customers will order or purchase. Thus, the push production relies on the raw materials flowing in the production. In pull production, when the customer orders or buys a product, a signal...

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