Line authority is a basic type of authority to carry out tasks and give orders related to the organization's primary purpose. Staff authority is the right to advise or assist those with line authority. Functional authority if the right given by higher management to specific staff personnel to give orders concerning an area in which the staff personnel have expertise.
There are four principles that are useful for supervisors who may be unsure how to group activities and assign duties. In 1-2 pages explain each principle and provide one example of how each principle can be applied to the workplace. The four principles are: parity principle, unity of command, chain of command, and span of control.
Supervisors make decisions on a daily basis and often these decisions are made without giving any thought to the decision making process. By following a decision-making process, supervisors can improve the way they make decisions by understanding how the process works in theory and practice. Explain each the of following in 1-2 pages:
The process of decision making (provide an example of how you can use this process now)
Guidelines for decision making
Tools for decision making (provide examples of how these tools can be helpful)
Please make sure you include your name on the paper. The paper should be in Times New Roman 12 and Double Spaced. If resources are used, these should be cited with a reference page included.
These solutions may offer step-by-step problem-solving explanations or good writing examples that include modern styles of formatting and construction of bibliographies out of text citations and references. Students may use these solutions for personal skill-building and practice. Unethical use is strictly forbidden.Part 1
The parity principle refers to the notion that personnel assigned with a specified responsibility ought to be provided with sufficient authority to execute that particular mandate. According to the principle, where parity is unequal, there is a high chance that ineffective supervision will be experienced (Certo, 2015). For example, a supervisor in the finance department will assign specific roles to the individual members of the team to assure that every worker contributes to the overall organizational task. In such a case, the parity principle requires the supervisor to allow the employees own every aspect of the assigned responsibility. He or she should provide sufficient space for the employee to undertake the duty fully. Part of this would require the supervisor to desist persistent regulation of the employee’s conduct.
The unity of command principle, according to Certo (2015), refers to the idea that each worker should have a single supervisor. The principle further purports that where at least two people make requests using the same time frame, workers are often unable to establish the command they should follow. In turn, this makes the employees confused and aggravated. Consequently, poor performance is registered. In the workplace, there is usually a...
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