Situational Analysis
In this unit’s Readings, researchers such as Narver and Slater (1990) and Kohli and Jaworski (1990) make a strong case that in order for an organisation to be profitable, marketing and business strategies need to be viewed as interlocking rather than separate. In order to determine whether organisations have this synergistic relationship, it is important to understand the concept of marketing orientation. Kohli and Jaworski (1990) concluded that market orientation is the gathering of, dissemination of and responsiveness to market intelligence, but that profitability is not necessarily a central goal or component.
These findings would surprise most business executives, who most likely view their marketing efforts as directed at bringing in a profit. Indeed, most organisations must be profitable in order to survive. However, it is vital to integrate marketing and business strategies to focus on market orientation rather than on profitability. But how does an organisation begin to formulate marketing efforts that will align with its business strategy? One way is by performing a situational analysis. A situational analysis provides a baseline for where an organisation is in its journey toward such alignment. In fact, a situational analysis goes back to Kohli and Jaworski’s (1990) gathering of market intelligence.
A situational analysis allows an organisation to understand its external and internal health, which may entail its customers, the market environment, competition and other areas. No one definitive situational analysis type or tool is recommended; instead, an online search will yield various types and frameworks that will inform your understanding. One that has become popular is the 5 C Analysis, which is an environmental scan on five key areas related to marketing decision making (Winn, 2011): company, customers, competitors, collaborators and climate.
Another common framework used for situational analysis in business (not only for marketing applications) is the PESTEL, which stands for environmental influences including political, economic, social, technological, environmental and legal. This type of analysis has been known in several different iterations (PEST, SLEPT, STEEPLE, EPISTEL), with slight variations in terminology and focus. You will be exploring these types of analyses more in-depth in Unit 5. For this unit’s Individual Assignment you will conduct a more informal situational analysis in which you will analyse an organisation’s overall marketing and business strategies and assess how well they appear to be aligned.
To prepare for this Individual Assignment:
Reflect on the following:
What is marketing? Why is important? Review the Readings. Consider how marketing strategies and orientation might contribute to or reduce an organisation’s profitability. What strategies do the Readings suggest for aligning business and marketing strategies?
What is a brand? Why is it worth developing? Consider the various categories of brand equity proposed by Aaker (1996) for what makes a strong brand and why this adds to customer perceptions of value.
Using the Interbrand Web site in this unit’s Readings, consider how Interbrand has calculated brand value.
Select one brand and corresponding organisation from the bottom 50 (50-100) on the Interbrand report to research and feature throughout this module as the focus of your Final Project.
Using credible online sources, research and critically assess the business, marketing and brand strategies for the organisation you chose.
Reflect on the following: Are there any areas of marketing in which your chosen organisation appears to be particularly strong or weak? Are there any areas of business in which your chosen organisation appears to be particularly strong or weak?
To complete this Individual Assignment:
Describe your process for conducting an informal situational analysis on the organisation you chose. What areas did you consider in your analysis?
Based on your situational analysis, describe the business, marketing and branding strategies.
Describe the alignment of the business, marketing and branding strategies. Be sure to address the following questions:
At what points do they intersect and diverge?
How strategic is this alignment?
What are the dangers of not aligning these strategies?
Note: This situational analysis will be revised with Faculty Member feedback and will become Section 1 of your Final Project.
Be sure to include specific examples and support your postings with evidence of your reading of the unit Readings and other current literature from the UoRL Library and other credible sources. Consult the Harvard Referencing Style Guide for proper citation and referencing information

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Marketing plays a very important role in the development of the brand image of any organization. This report presents a situational analysis of the company Starbucks, which is a leading coffee chain in the world. As per Interbrand (2015), the brand Starbucks has been one of the top rising brands and currently stands at the 67th position in the list of top 100 brands. This has been feasible due to the alignment between the mission and marketing strategies in harmony with the environmental factors.
Informal situational analysis process
The operating environment of organizations has a tremendous impact on their performance. It can be broadly segregated into internal and external operating environment and these have been analyzed to conduct situational analysis for Starbucks. The external environment factors pose opportunities and threats to the company while the internal environment creates strengths and weaknesses. The interplay of all these forces contributes to the growth of the organization at large....
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