Despite the negative attention they often receive, fats (and other lipid molecules) play an extremely important role in the biochemical processes in our bodies. For this task, you will consider some of the biochemical roles of lipids (especially fatty acids) and demonstrate how a complete lack of fat in the diet would affect these biochemical roles and human health in general.
You should compile your work for this task in a single document that includes diagrams, text explanations, and references. If a requirement asks for an explanation, you should provide a written response in a narrative style (i.e., complete sentences rather than bullet points).
You have been asked to help dietitians in a local community health center to better understand the importance of fat in the diet and particularly how no-fat diets affect the biochemical processes of the body.
A. Explain how lipids, in the form of triglycerides, are broken down to produce ATP, including each of the following:
● the pathways involved in the breakdown
● the substrate(s) and end product(s) of the pathways
B. Explain two differences between saturated and unsaturated fatty acids (not fats).
1. Create one original 3-D model to demonstrate the chemical structure of a saturated fatty acid.
2. Create one original 3-D model to demonstrate the chemical structure of an unsaturated fatty acid.
C. Create an original diagram, with clear labels, to demonstrate the fluid mosaic structure of cell membranes.
Note: The inclusion of the following components aids in demonstrating the fluid mosaic structure: phospholipids, hydrophilic portion, hydrophobic portion, and membrane protein(s).
D. Explain how no-fat diets can affect the body (e.g., nutrient absorption, essential fatty acids), including each of the following:
● the molecule, or class of molecules affected
● how the absence of fat influences the availability of the molecule, or class of molecules
● the consequence(s), at the biochemical level (i.e., not simply physiological changes), of the change in availability
E. When you use sources, include all in-text citations and references in APA format.
This material may consist of step-by-step explanations on how to solve a problem or examples of proper writing, including the use of citations, references, bibliographies, and formatting. This material is made available for the sole purpose of studying and learning - misuse is strictly forbidden.Question 4. Explain how no-fat diets can affect the body (e.g., nutrient absorption, essential fatty acids), including each of the following:
• the molecule, or class of molecules affected
• how the absence of fat influences the availability of the molecule, or class of molecules
• the consequence(s), at the biochemical level (i.e., not simply physiological changes), of the change in availability
Answer: Fat or lipid is an important biomolecules of our body which has no less function than any other biomolecules.
There are some important functions which are completed by lipids such as (Satyanarayana, 2011):
• Triglycerides works as fuel reserve in animals body which during starvation or no fed state provides energy to the body.
• Cell membrane is composed of phospholipids and also cholesterol makes cell membrane permeable and provides fluidity to it.
• There are four fat soluble vitamins such as Vitamin A, D, E and K are present in our body which requires lipids for their transportation inside the body.
• Some of the vital organ of our body requires more protection and they cannot resist any kind of jerk or shock. Lipids which covers these systemic organs provides a buoyancy and shock absorbing properties to them.
• Cholesterol and other lipids is used for the synthesis of steroid hormones such as mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, aldosterone, cortisol, sex hormones etc.
• Lipid content of body keep body warm by preserving body temperature, so it works as an insulator....