The lab report topic is acid-catalyzed dehydration of 2-methyl 2-butanol.

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The acid dehydration of an alcohol will result in an alkene.   Zaitsev’s Rule predicts that when alkenes are formed in an elimination reaction such as dehydration, the most stable alkene -which is usually the more substituted one - is the preferred product.   
The ratio of these products can be determined through the use of NMR spectroscopy. The ratio of peak areas (integrals) can be used to calculate the relative amounts of the two expected products as their vinylic H’s will have slightly different chemical shifts.

The acid dehydration of an alcohol will result in an alkene. Studies of this reaction indicate that the predominant mechanism for the reaction is an E1 mechanism. After protonation of the alcohol with an inorganic acid, the -OH group is converted into an -OH2+ group, which readily leaves the molecule as a water molecule....

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