## Question

If n is even, divide it by 2 to get n'

if n is odd, multiply it by 3 and add l to get n'

It is conjectured that for any positive integer number n, the sequence will always end in the repeating cycle: 4, 2, 1, 4, 2, 1,.... Suffice to say, when n = = 1, we will say the sequence has ended.

Write a program to determine the largest value in the sequence for a given n.

Input

The first line of input contains a single integer P, (1$ \le$P$ \le$100000), which is the number of data sets that follow. Each data set should be processed identically and independently.

Each data set consists of a single line of input consisting of two space separated decimal integers. The first integer is the data set number. The second integer is n, (l$ \le$n$ \le$100, 000), which is the starting value.

Output

For each data set there is a single line of output consisting of the data set number, a single space, and the largest value in the sequence starting at and including n.

Sample Input

4

1 1

2 3

3 9999

4 100000

Sample Output

1 1

2 16

3 101248

4 100000

PLEASE C++

INDENT THE CODE And comment it.

## Solution Preview

These solutions may offer step-by-step problem-solving explanations or good writing examples that include modern styles of formatting and construction of bibliographies out of text citations and references. Students may use these solutions for personal skill-building and practice. Unethical use is strictly forbidden.

#include <iostream>using namespace std;

int main()

{

int nstart, n, max; //Declare variables

while(true) //Endless loop to keep running new starting values

{

max = 0; //Reset max value

cout << "Please enter in the starting value (0 to exit): "; //Next two lines, prompt and read integer for n, assume valid inputs > 0 always...

By purchasing this solution you'll be able to access the following files:

Solution.cpp.