## Question

1. How many milliseconds (ms) are in one second? _________

2. How many microseconds (us) are in one second? _________

3. How many bytes are in 20 megabytes? _________

4. Convert the number below from a binary number to a hexadecimal number.

1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 . 0 1 1 1 1

5. Convert the number below from a binary number to a decimal number.

1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 1 1

6. Convert the hexadecimal number below to a binary number.

8 9 A. 0 C

7. What is the decimal equivalent of the IEEE 754 binary floating point number shown below?

0 1000 0001 0110 0000 0000 0000 0000 000

For problems 8, 9 and 10, convert the following decimal numbers into 8 bit binary numbers as required for 2's complement math, and perform the indicated operations. Circle or bold your binary answer and show your work.

Notes:

Remember that positive numbers are represented in sign-magnitude format in 2's complement math

8.

+38

+30

=

9.

+38

- 30

=

10.

- 38

+30

=

Discussion questions:

Part I - Number Conversions

Pick the amount from one of the checks in your checkbook.

1) Convert the decimal number into a binary number with three places to the right of the binary point.

2) Convert the binary number into a hexadecimal number.

3) Convert the binary number to a floating-point number using the IEEE -754 Floating-Point Standard

Part II - Adding Binary Numbers

Select two decimal numbers between -60 and +60. One should be positive and the other should be negative.

Convert the numbers into 8-bit unsigned numbers with negative numbers in the 2’s complement form. (Remember that positive numbers have the leftmost bit =0 and negative numbers have the leftmost bit =1).

Add the two numbers together to generate an eight-bit binary result. Show your work.

Part III

If a computer is capable only of manipulating and storing integers, what difficulties present themselves? How are these difficulties overcome.

## Solution Preview

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1. The answer is 10002. The answer is 1000000

3. The answer is 20480...