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This material may consist of step-by-step explanations on how to solve a problem or examples of proper writing, including the use of citations, references, bibliographies, and formatting. This material is made available for the sole purpose of studying and learning - misuse is strictly forbidden.Afghanistan as a country is made up of a population of about 31 million people with a road network of approximately 400,000 kilometers, of which 3,500 kilometers comprise of highways. Generally, 12 million people have an access to an airport facility within an hour, while another 9 million residents of this mountainous country can be within an airport in less than two hours. Almost 70% of the Afghan population, about 23 million residents, in less than one hour, while on the extreme, 600,000 can only access a health facility after eight hours of travel. One menace that afflicts the population of Afghanistan is flash floods due to its hilly terrain. A massive population of about 7 million people lives in areas prone to flash floods of dangerous proportions. Another 6 million people inhabit moderate risk areas while 2 million people live along low risk zones. Agriculture forms the bedrock of the main activities although the agriculture system is based on irrigation, and not rain fed.
The province of Wardak is located in the central eastern province of Afghanistan, and is part of the 34 provinces that constitute Afghanistan, a country that is mountainous with plains and valleys, and has a capital named after the Pashtun tribe called Maidan Shar. A significant number of the residents of Wardak province are rural dwellers who engage in agricultural activities. However, the province has been a high security area for some years now due to the influence of the Taliban, whose activities changed the dynamics of the 9 districts in the region from around the year 1995. The biggest ethnic group in Wardak is Pashtun, who form almost three quarters of its entire population, with the rest belonging to the Tajiks and Hazaras. Also to be found in this province is a tiny minority of a Persian community that practices Shi’a Islam called the Qizilbash. The effect of the Taliban invasion, coupled with perennial internal conflicts between nomads and agriculturalists, has made Wardak province an important case...