El Nino Southern Oscillation and its Climactic Effects (2500 words)

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Subject Earth Science Geology


Write an 8-10 page paper on El Nino and its effects on climate and use at least 8 sources.

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The El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is one of the major global climactic drivers due to the large area it affects in the Pacific. ENSO can either be positive or negative; El Nino occurs when the oscillation is negative, while the opposite phenomenon, La Nina, occurs when the oscillation is positive. During an El Nino cycle, the Eastern Pacific water off the coast of South America is up to 1oC warmer than normal (“About ENSO,” 2013). El Nino derived its name from the time of the year when its climactic effects were felt; usually the climate changed in coastal South America around Christmas. El Nino is Spanish for “the boy,”...

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