Question

Question 1

1) From the following list, select 2 pairs of comparisons. You will be selecting a total of 4 items. For each pair, compare the significance, ritual use, or cultural function or purpose. Always include an example of art work for each item, either from the book or internet with a link. Look for interesting similarities and important differences between the items you have selected.

1) ijele

2) iwan

3) nkisi (pl. minkisi)

4) nkondi (pl. minkondi)

5) muqarnas

6) nowo

7) chattri

8) dao

9) bodhisattva

10) devaraja

11) garbhagriha

12) haboku

13) haniwa

14) jia

15) koan

16) kondo

17) pagoda

18) raigo

19) shikhara

20) stupa

21) tanka

22) taotie

23) yakshi

24) Zen

25) duk duk

26) kachina

27) kiva

28) potlatch

29) tubuan

30) tumbaga

Question 3

2) Compare the art works of two artists from any two different art movements covered in Chapter 21. Describe, then compare, the contexts, concerns and main aspects of each movement and how that appears in the works you've selected. Be sure to explain why you made your particular choices of movements, artists and artworks. Evaluating the artwork you've selected according to any criteria you think are relevant (given what you have learned so far in the course). Be sure to use specific examples of art works in your discussion.

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First Pair: Potlatch and Kachina
Among the Pacific Northwest native peoples, potlatch is gift-exchange ceremony held on significant life occasions, such as births, deaths, and weddings. Each kin group, who draws its identity from ancestral mythical animal spirit, is led by the man considered the living incarnation of this founding spirit. The amount of gifts given, and even their destruction, shows the power and authority one guest, or even kin group, has over another. These potlatches display the hierarchal relationships among guests and kin groups through giving and destroying of gifts, as well as dances and other ceremonies performed at the potlatch. These gifts given and destroyed are total cultural phenomenon, in that they represent political, religious, family, and economic relationships amongst kin groups. Using a large piece of wood that is typically used to create animal spirit totems, in this example (below), a figure has been sculpted to represent a speaker at a potlatch. A man standing behind this figure would announce the names of each guest arriving at the potlatch...

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