Question
Rosa Luxemburg, a Polish-German activist and Marxist, gave a detailed explanation for her opposition to the First World War in “The Workers and the War” of 1916 when that war was at its height and its outcome unclear.
What were her objections as outlined in that writing? Why did she see it as a defeat for working people in all countries?
Why did she dispute the claims that a German victory even if it occurred would not make the sacrifices of the war worthwhile?
What did she see as the war’s likely consequences for Europe and the world as a whole?
Finally, to what degree did the war and its aftermath as explained in pp. 513-531 of Edward Berenson’s Europe in the Modern World prove or disprove what Luxemburg said in 1916?
Based on a detached analysis of what Luxemburg predicted and what actually happened during and after World War One, is she better seen as far-sighted and enlightened, as the dangerous and destructive person her enemies accused her of being, or as something else?
Use examples from the assigned texts and be specified about the reasons for your conclusions.
Solution
Luxemburg
In his work “The Workers and the War,” Rosa Luxemburg presented a set of rationales for objecting the war. The scholar summarizes these reasons by using the reformism concept. According to the idea, global conflict has the potential to cause fundamentally slow changes not only through but also to within existing organizations (Halsall, 1999). Consequently, the economic and political structures of that society in which these agencies operate will eventually change, albeit adversely.
However, Luxemburg added to the reformism objection by claiming that the scope of democracy for all will be diminished. At the same time, women in the world will be mistreated. Luxemburg also feels that the war will present a defeat for the working people in all the nations. To support this claim, Luxemburg debates that the German Social Democracy did not have the urge towards advocating for the grievances of the workers (Halsall, 1999)....

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