The paper should be double space, 3-5 pages long. Use at least a total of 5 academic references (reference journal articles or books) in the paper.
This material may consist of step-by-step explanations on how to solve a problem or examples of proper writing, including the use of citations, references, bibliographies, and formatting. This material is made available for the sole purpose of studying and learning - misuse is strictly forbidden.From the Islamic conquests led by the Prophet Muhammad’s successor Abu Bakr in the mid-7th century to the end of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 13th century, the Islamic empire was the world’s dominant power. At its greatest extent, the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates stretched from Spain and Morocco in the west to Pakistan in the east. Despite Islam’s remarkable expansion, divisions were always present within the ummah. From the outset, Muhammad’s followers argued over the Prophet’s proper successor. The sect that believed Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s first convert and cousin, should lead the ummah eventually came to be known as Sunni Muslims. A smaller group, who believed that Ali, Muhammad’s son-in law, should lead the ummah were called Shia (Murphy)....