Shortly after Juan Domingo Perón’s inauguration as constitutional president of Argentina on 4 June 1946, the date of Seventeenth of October became a national holiday. Soon after, another important national holiday, May Day, became a day to “reaffirm Argentine identity, sovereignty, and liberation.” According to Plotkin, the two dates commemorated patriotic “political rituals” which transformed the nature of the relationship between Perón and the people. Select ONE of the dates, May Day or Seventeenth of October for this assignment, and ANALYZE the historical meanings of the political rituals linked to Peronism and Perón’s leadership.
For the analysis, focus on the following years: 1946, and subsequent years, 1948-1950, and 1953.
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Diecisiete de Octubre (October 17) is celebrated as the Day of Loyalty (Dia de la Lealtad) in Argentina. On that day in 1954, a massive labor rally stopped Buenos Aires in its tracks and called for the release of Juan Peron. Peron was the father of justicialism, an off-shoot of socialism that conservative Argentine leaders like General Arturo Rawson feared would damage the nation’s business and military power. Peron was popular for promoting the aguinaldo, or a bonus that paid laborers an equivalent of one-twelfth of their annual salary in bonus. When Peron appeared on the balcony of the Casa Rosada just after 11:00 PM...
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