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Prior to the arrival of the Spaniards what is now Guatemala was inhabited by the descendants of the Mayans. Although the Mayan civilization entered a period of decline around 900 CE, the Spaniards found in the country they intended to conquer cities and kingdoms with their respective kings and chiefs as well as a nation well aware of its glorious past. It is not surprising, therefore, that the Mayans offered fierce resistance to the invaders.
The leader of the Spanish regiment that arrived in what is now Guatemala in 1524 was Pedro de Alvarado. We know about the process of the conquest as it was perceived by the Spaniards from the correspondence between Pedro de Alvarado and Hernan Cortes. The latter was a far more famous...
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