You have been hired as a consultant by the local police commissioner to lend your expertise on criminal justice research for the education of the police captains, who will be developing a new citywide crime prevention strategy. As an introductory task in this position, you are to write a letter to the local police captains explaining the theories used to approach your research.

Prepare a 5–7 page letter to the captains of the police precincts that address the following questions:

What are the key differences between the 4 identified types of research theories above?
Is any one type of theory more valid than the others? Why or why not?
What are the differences and similarities (if any) between theory and hypothesis?
What are variables, and why are they important components of theoretical schemes?


Topic Points:
Above you will see four different points that I need to see addressed in your paper. In essence, this paper can be broken into four sections, which should each represent subheadings. I recommend the following structure for the paper (you may use it or develop your own but have an outline). I have also provided a book chapter that you will be of help as you proceed in the course.

Your paper will include the following sections:

Introduction (Two Paragraphs) - Here you want to briefly discuss the purpose of the paper. Answer this question, This paper will introduce the reader to what and why is it important?

Overview of Research Theories (4-Pages Total) – Provide an overview of the theory, strengths and weaknesses, and your personal perspective on if you prefer this method.
o    Deductive (This is a Subheading)
o    Inductive (This is a Subheading)
o    Grounded (This is a Subheading)
o    Axiomatic (This is a Subheading)

Research Method Key Concepts (1-2-Pages) – Provide
o    Theory (What is it, provide an example, specific to the crime prevention context)
o    Hypothesis
o    Variables

Types of Variables
o    Additional Concepts

Conclusion (One Paragraph)
Be certain that you do not approach this letter as a “question and answer” format. Use the crime prevention context you have been given to explain each of the theory approaches, what strength they provide, the relationship between theory and your hypothesis (use the context to do this), and then identify a few variables within the project.

Remember your context is crime prevention strategies. At this point in your career, you should have some familiarity with crime prevention and if you do not, I can recommend some great resources to give you the quick details you need. Above all else, remember your audience. You are writing to police captains, so explain with examples. If you write this as concept-definition, you will miss your audience. You have a context, you know the concepts; now just explain them to the reader.

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Criminal justice has been a topic of interest for researchers with the objective of conceptualizing the different components that make up the system. Tilley, Nick, and Gloria (2007) write that there exist numerous research methods in the field of criminal justice and crime evaluation for the benefit of the society. Further, there exist numerous theories that are applied in an attempt to research the different aspects of criminal justice. This paper aims to discuss the different research theories that are used in the research methodology of criminal justice issues. Also, the paper will discuss variables, hypothesis and theory as essential concepts of the research process.

Theories are essential in the criminal justice research since they help in the conceptualization process of the different aspects of the system. It is significant to understand research theories since majority of the criminal justice policies are based on them.

Overview Of The Research Theories
Deductive Theory
In criminal justice research, a deductive methodology deals with creating a hypothesis that is centered on the current information or theory, and subsequently formulating a research approach to evaluate the hypothesis (Maxfield and Babbie, 2014). A deductive approach starts with an expected pattern that is evaluated against observations. In crime prevention, the deductive approach would be applied through observing the crime patterns in the area and developing a hypothesis that would be tested in an attempt to prevent further crimes....
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