The following questionnaire is an example of how not to write a questionnaire. Your task is to analyze, correct and discuss the problems associated with this document.
Review the text information and notes on guidelines for asking questions and constructing instruments. Find and identify all of the potential problems with the following fictitious questions on the questionnaire:
Please make sure to provide feedback for each question in the survey!
Questionnaire Sponsored by Crime Victims for Extreme Justice And the National Death Penalty Proponents Association

1. What is your name?___________________________
2. Sex?__________
3. Race?_____________

4. How would you rate your family income? High or Middle

5. What is your age? 1-11, 11-15, 15-25, 28-40, Above 45

6. Do you feel that crime is a problem? Yes No

7. Do you believe that criminals should be punished and that the punishment should fit the crime? Yes No

8. Do you support the death penalty? Yes No

9. Are judges too lenient? Yes No

10. Should prisoners be allowed to have televisions? Yes No

11. What are your views on the criminal justice system?

12. Don’t you think that it is better to lock someone up who has committed a crime than to let them be free to commit more crime? Yes No

13. Please explain what you consider to be the problems and limitations of the current criminal justice system including police, courts and corrections, with special emphasis on rights.

14. Do you believe in justice? Yes No

15. Which is worse? Murder Rape Armed Robbery Terrorism

16. What kind of crime have you experienced as a victim?

17. Of the crimes you’ve experienced as a victim, which was the worst?

18. When you were a crime victim, was the offender related to you? Yes No

19. Have you ever hurt anyone badly enough that they needed a band-aid or to go to the hospital? Yes No

20. For the following questions, please use this scale:
a. never
b. rarely
c. almost never
d. sometimes
e. occasionally
f. always
1. How often have you had things stolen from your home?
2. When do you think the death penalty should be used?
3. How often do you think about committing a crime?
4. What is the most appropriate punishment for murder?

Questions: Part Two
**Write a hypothesis for each of the following 2 questions. Identify the dependent and independent variable for each.

1.What effect does studying with music have on student test scores?
Independent variable:
Dependent variable:

2. What effect does light have on plant growth?
Independent variable:
Dependent variable:

***Write a research question for the following 2hypotheses. Identify the dependent and independent variable for each.
3.If plants are watered, then growth height will increase.
Independent variable:
Dependent variable:

4.If chocolate is given to teachers, then amount of homework will decrease.
Independent variable:
Dependent variable:

5. In a hypothesis stating that males are more likely to perpetrate physical violence against another, what is the independent variable?

6. Men are more likely than women to oppose homosexual marriages. The independent variable is _________ and the dependent variable is _________.
​(a) sexual attitude; gender​
​(b) gender; marital status​
​(c) sex; sexuality
(d) sexuality; race
(e) gender; opinion of homosexual marriage
Answer: __________________________

7. If you are only able to collect data at one point in time, you should conduct what type of study?
B)​Repeated cross-sectional
C)​Fixed-sample panel
Answer: ____________________________________

8. In order for a causal relationship to exist, the __________ variable must cause the change in the __________ variable.

Questions 9 and 10:
The following questions refer to a hypothetical questionnaire handed out to students at a small rural high school, parts of which are boxed above the questions. The questionnaire was designed to assess students' thoughts about and experiences with crime at school.

The school administration is to blame for crime problems and should do more to protect the students.
• Agree
• Disagree

9. Which guideline identifies the main problem in the preceding question?
A) Avoid vagueness
B) Avoid negatives and double negatives
C) Avoid double-barreled questions
D) Make response choices mutually exclusive
E) Make response choices exhaustive
Answer: ____________________________________

10. Which guideline identifies the main problem in the response choices?
A) Avoid vagueness
B) Avoid negatives and double negatives
C) Avoid double-barreled questions
D) Avoid fence-sitting and floating
E) Make response choices exhaustive
Answer: ____________________________________

11. Review the pros and cons of using mailed self-administered surveys, group-administered surveys, telephone surveys, and in-person interviews. What type of survey would you select to study sensitive information concerning drug and alcohol abuse? Justify your selection.

12. Which of the following best describes a researcher who is a covert observer in a field study?
A) A college professor who talks to elderly victims of crime to study coping mechanisms
B) A college student who sits near conversing students at a local high school to study juvenile delinquency
C) A former drug addict studying drug use at the University of Wisconsin
D) An academic who consults legal cases to study discrimination against women
E) A researcher who takes a job within a corrupt police department without anyone's knowledge
Answer: _____________________________________

13. Compare differences between a field research and a survey research interview, and between a field interview and a friendly conversation.

14. Focus groups are useful for:
A) Analyzing the effects of social variables on an outcome of interest
B) Providing relatively valid support for theoretical explanations
C) Exploring the meanings people attach to their experiences
D) Testing hypotheses relevant to political science researchers
E) Developing reliable and usually generalizable results from the discussion
Answer: _____________________________________

15. Which of the following is NOT used in secondary data analysis?
A) Surveys conducted by others
B) Surveys conducted by the investigator
C) Official records
D) Historical documents
E) Media reports
Answer: __________________________________________

16. Marko wanted to study only students who do very well in class because such students would best help him test his theory. He asked 20 professors for the names of high achieving students and he then interviewed them. Which sampling design does this example reflect?
a) quota
b) reliance on available subjects
c) snowball
d) purposive
Answer: ___________________________

17. Kara interviews five drug users and discovers that four regularly carry weapons. Based on this information, she argues that drug users are more likely to carry weapons than others. This is an example of:
A)​Careful observation
B)​Systematic reasoning
D)​Selective reasoning
Answer: _______________________________

18. A researcher wants to observe the social structure of a youth gang. When collecting data, she is most likely to use what type of method?
Answer: ________________________

19. Explain the differences between quantitative and qualitative research methods.

20. What are the attributes for the variable Sex/Gender?

21. A researcher examines the use of capital punishment in the United States. Which of the following is NOT a variable in her study?
Answer: _________________________________________

22. What means that each variable should be exhaustive and mutually exclusive and please give one example.

23. Committees which review research proposals for adherence to ethical guidelines are called ______________ Review Boards.
Answer: _____________________________

24. The extent to which cases are spread out through the distribution or clustered in one location is termed:
A) Central tendency
B) Variability
C) Skewness
D) Frequency distribution
E) Ungrouped distribution
Answer: _______________________________________________

25. Informed consent forms do not have to be clear and understandable to participants as long as the form is brief and undetailed.
A) False
B) True
Answer: _________________________________________

26. The statement, “If a prison inmate is visited more frequently then he will be more likely to follow prison rules” is an example of a:
A) Hypothesis
B) Theory
C) Theoretical Construct
D) Statement of variation
E) Variation assumption
Answer: _____________________________

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This material may consist of step-by-step explanations on how to solve a problem or examples of proper writing, including the use of citations, references, bibliographies, and formatting. This material is made available for the sole purpose of studying and learning - misuse is strictly forbidden.

A questionnaire is a powerful research tool that consists of well-designed questions posed to a set of respondents with the aim of gathering information. They can be carried out face to face, by post or telephone. Questionnaires are mostly used in surveys as it is easy to make statistical interpretation from collected data. They have a particular issue of interest. Before the formulation of questionnaires, one needs to formulate the objectives of the research. The questions should be designed in such a manner that the results to be obtained relate to the goals. Also, one needs to brief the respondents on the importance of the research. Questionnaires have numerous benefits over other survey methods. It is relatively cheaper and less time-consuming. Collection and compilation of data are also quick. However, for telephone mode, responses may be small, and response may be biased.
A good questionnaire requires proper structuring of questions. The first five questions are demographic questions. Such questions should be asked towards the end and not the beginning of a research exercise. To begin with, question one should be rephrased to just ‘name’ then a blank space provided. Demographic questions are not supposed to be lengthy. Question two should not inquire on sex but rather on gender. This incorporates all walks of life. Using sex to classify people may lock out certain individuals. Question three should be rephrased from a simple ‘race’ to ‘in which category would you place your race as?’ This gives the respondent a platform of providing the best answer.
Question four is of a sensitive nature. As opposed to simplistic classification of high and medium, the question should provide a series of options by placing income within a certain income bracket. This gives a more specific approach. Though question five has provided bracket options, it should provide tick boxes. This enables respondents to mark the box representing the age bracket that they are in. Onto question six, the most obvious response is that crime is a problem. To get even more accurate results, the question should be rephrased to ‘do you think that crime is a menace in society? A Likert scale should then be provided to measure the degree to which respondents feel so.
Question seven has two questions within it. Usually this confuses respondents. One may have a clear answer to one part of the question but not to the other. It should be split into two parts. The first...
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