QuestionQuestion

A forensic laboratory is responsible for examining any unidentified skeletal remains provided from a crime scene and trying to recreate the identity of a person by using those skeletal remains. One of the major structures used to identify victims from a crime that have left them unable to be recognized or unidentifiable is the skull. It is important to know that teeth are embedded in the skull and that muscles are attached to the skull.

A forensic team was sent to a fire that occurred in a warehouse. Initially, the firemen said that the building was empty, but on the final walk-through of the building, they discovered what appeared to be burned human remains. The forensic team gathered all of the burned victim’s bones, tissue, and other pieces of clothing and took them to the laboratory for investigation.
Address in 2–3 pages:
Explain in detail how the following will be used in facial reconstruction:
Odontology
What is odontology?
How is this process used in facial reconstruction?
Bone formation
What are the 3 primary cells that make up bone, and what is their function?
What information can be obtained from the skeleton with regard to growth?
How many bones are in the skull (face/head), and how are they important?
Muscles
What are the major muscles in the face, and what do they control?
What can be learned about the identification of the person based on the muscles?

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Introduction
Forensic science has undergone much evolution since its inauguration. One of the highly efficient and reliable branches in this field is facial recognition technique. This technique has proved to be very reliable since it helps in the identification of bodies that have been destroyed beyond recognition. Over the past years, many incidences involving terrorism, natural catastrophes, plane crashes, arson and other accidents have been reported across the globe. In such cases, the majority of the victims are dead, and their bodies are damaged past recognition. To identify such individuals, the forensic scientists restructure their facial features using the body parts found at the site of the incident. The artistic work is done by putting together fragments of...
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