Question

Question 1
Evan went into Twll Superstore to buy his weekly shopping. Inside, he found that many of the staff were not at their posts because of industrial action. He hid various expensive items in his coat pockets. Evan swapped the labels on tins of caviar for labels from cheaper tins and put the two tins of caviar into his trolley. Before leaving the store he changed his mind and returned these tins to the shelved. He bought cooked meats and noticed that the assistant who had weighed and priced the meat had by mistake under-priced the item. At the checkout the manager was working there instead of the usual cashier. Because of his lack of experience he incorrectly entered the price of a number of items as well as charging the price indicated on the cooked meats. Evan tendered a credit card in full payment. He had taken the card from his flat-mate’s purse in the mistaken belief that she would have consented to his use of the card. Evan asked for cash at the checkout and as requested the cashier tendered the cash but by mistake gave a £20 note too much.
Advise Evan of his criminal liability.

Question 2
On her way out from her workplace, Jenny found £50 which she used to buy a pair of shoes to go with the gown she had bought for her firm’s centenary ball. She later overheard someone in her office saying that they had lost £50 but she did not return the money.

While chatting to her colleagues, she discovered that her firm had set up a fund to contribute £100 towards the cost of a ballgown for each female worker who could demonstrate financial hardship. Although, initially, she did not apply for this, as she had already bought her gown and was not in financial difficulties, after hearing that all of her female colleagues intended to do so, whether or not they had already purchased their gowns, she applied for the money stating that she was in financial difficulties. She thought it was probably alright as she knew that none of her colleagues was in financial difficulties either. She did not get the money as, by the time her application was received, she was told the fund had been spent.

On the day of the ball, Jenny went to the hairdressers which was offering a 20% discount to students. She had borrowed her sister’s student union card which she showed to the receptionist and obtained the discount.

When she arrived at her house, Jenny noticed that her next door neighbours were having a delivery of shopping. She had forgotten to buy anything for her lunch and was hungry and so, hoping they would not mind, took a microwave meal from one of the shopping bags, putting £5 through their letter box.
Consider Jenny’s possible criminal liability.

Question 3
Alina accidentally collides with Casper who is supervising his child at the side of a swimming pool. Alina bangs her head and falls into the water. Henry, an off-duty lifeguard at the pool, sees this but does nothing to help. Neither does Casper although he sees that Alina is struggling in the water. Another swimmer, Mona, begins to effect a rescue by dragging Alina towards the side. Ellie, the official lifeguard, seeing that things are apparently in hand, returns to reading her newspaper. Meanwhile Mona, on realising she is late for an appointment, desists from any further efforts and leaves Alina still struggling in the middle of the pool, reasoning that someone else can effect the rescue. It is left to Bruce, another swimmer, to save Alina but by the time Alina is removed from the pool she is unconscious. She remains unconscious for three days but makes a full recovery.   

Discuss the possible criminal liability of Casper, Henry, Mona and Ellie.

Question 4
Discuss Adam's potential liability for fraud in each of the following scenarios. Do NOT discuss Adam's liability for theft.

a) Adam, a shopper, on taking a pair of shoes to the cash desk for purchase, notices that the price tags on each shoe show different amounts. He goes back to the counter to find another to match the lower price but cannot. He chooses, therefore, a matching shoe without a price tag on it, intending to purchase the pair at the lower price. A store detective notices all this and arrests him before he reaches the cash desk.

b) Adam takes his friend Brian to his (Adam's) golf club for a round of golf. Club rules require all members to inform a senior club official when guests are invited, so that they can charge a fee. Adam does not do so.

c) Eve goes into Virtualworld Computers and asks to see some computers. One attracts her particularly and she asks Adam, the salesperson, ‘Is this the latest model?’ ‘Yes’, says Adam, although he knows it will be withdrawn from stock and replaced by another model next week.

d) Adam is jealous of his brother Bingo. He tells Wooster, their rich uncle, a scandalous and untrue story about Bingo so that he (Wooster) will cut Bingo out of his will. The ruse works. Bingo is left penniless on Wooster’s death.

Solution Preview

This material may consist of step-by-step explanations on how to solve a problem or examples of proper writing, including the use of citations, references, bibliographies, and formatting. This material is made available for the sole purpose of studying and learning - misuse is strictly forbidden.

Question 1
Evan went into Twll Superstore to buy his weekly shopping. Inside, he found that many of the staff were not at their posts because of industrial action. He hid various expensive items in his coat pockets. Evan swapped the labels on tins of caviar for labels from cheaper tins and put the two tins of caviar into his trolley. Before leaving the store he changed his mind and returned these tins to the shelved. He bought cooked meats and noticed that the assistant who had weighed and priced the meat had by mistake under-priced the item. At the checkout the manager was working there instead of the usual cashier. Because of his lack of experience he incorrectly entered the price of a number of items as well as charging the price indicated on the cooked meats. Evan tendered a credit card in full payment. He had taken the card from his flat-mate’s purse in the mistaken belief that she would have consented to his use of the card. Evan asked for cash at the checkout and as requested the cashier tendered the cash but by mistake gave a £20 note too much.
Advise Evan of his criminal liability....

This is only a preview of the solution. Please use the purchase button to see the entire solution

Related Homework Solutions

Get help from a qualified tutor
Live Chats