The Challenge of Terrorism Against the United States (2335 words)

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Assignment Description
The challenge of terrorism against the United States led the government to create the Department of Homeland Security with the hope of leveraging federal, state, and local police agencies, intelligence agencies, and immigration agencies to cooperate in communicating findings and creating joint efforts to stop threats of terrorism or confronting a terrorist attack.
The current threat of terrorism has made many senators and representatives in Congress think about the United States combining all of its police agencies into one national police organization. The centralization of power would stop the discombobulated nature of the 3 government levels of police and provide a clear, overall standard on how to police not only terrorism acts but crime in general.
Please answer the questions below. Give your opinion concerning the topics, and provide examples. Discuss your findings as far as any statistics that you list concerning the victims. You have an opportunity to discuss your thoughts about what options might be taken concerning victims of racial profiling. Be sure to back up your opinions with facts from cited sources.
Do you believe that the establishment of terrorism as a crime that can be committed domestically has changed policing? How? Why? Provide examples.
Have the number of victims of racial profiling increased over the last decade?
What laws and services are available for victims of racial profiling?
What other actions might be taken on behalf of victims of racial profiling?
Has the Department of Homeland Security helped fight terrorism, or has it simply duplicated the efforts and jurisdictions of other agencies? How has it helped?
Be sure to cite all references in APA format.
Assignment Objectives
Describe the impact of public policy and the crime victims' movement on victim rights
Discuss current issues in victimology
Analyze specific victim populations.

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Introduction
In today’s society, many people have been accused for crimes that they did not commit. Some receive compensation for damages and others are still pending compensation due to jurisdictional laws; which wrongful convictions of wrongfully accused in the “court systems throughout the United States” (A.I.U., 2015, para 1). I will analyze and address how “is if for an individual to be wrongfully convicted in the criminal justice system” (A.I.U., 2015, para 3). I will investigate the perceptions of justice in the courts, and current and “comparative research” (which “include death and non-death research”) (A.I.U., 2015, para 15). I will provide case synopsis of wrongfully accused prisoners, such as: “Anthony Graves, Clarence Brandley, and Dewey Bozella.” (A.I.U., 2015, para 24, 25, 26).
Perceptions of Justice in the Courts
According to Roberts & Doob (1990), the media plays a major role in the perceptions of justice in the courts without knowing all of the facts before airtime. However, the media is protected under the 1st Amendment of the United States Constitution of freedom of speech, press, religion, and expression. The media is able to edit and manipulate the story which causes the public to get on the defense with a negative perception of the justice and courts decision (Roberts & Doob, 1990).
In today’s society, the media, race, and politics plays a major role in judicial determination of cases, which evidence proven to be unwarranted, which sealed the fate of wrongfully accused defendants. A trial-by-jury or a bench trial can also cause mayhem in the courtroom, along with the victim’s family and the nature of the crime that was committed for media coverage, as cited in Overby, et. al. (2004).   
Wrongful Convictions
According to Gould & Leo (2010), being wrongfully accused can damage families and cause the prisoner to be isolated and confined behind bars. The prisoner that is wrongfully accused has to wait for appeals by defense counsel to have the grant a new hearing. However, the defense counsel must show beyond a reasonable doubt that his client is innocent until proven guilty. Once the court established a new trial and...
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