The assignment structure requires you to clearly include and separately identify the following:
3 main points of the assigned reading accompanied by a short description (i.e., 3 separate paragraphs)
3 major empirical research studies discussed in the assigned reading that support the main points with a short description (i.e., 3 separate paragraphs)
2 key concepts or new terms discussed in the assigned reading with short definition. (i.e., 2 separate paragraphs)
2 proposed actions to be taken that are discussed in the assigned readings with a short description (i.e., 2 separate paragraphs)
This material may consist of step-by-step explanations on how to solve a problem or examples of proper writing, including the use of citations, references, bibliographies, and formatting. This material is made available for the sole purpose of studying and learning - misuse is strictly forbidden.Indigenous Peoples and Criminal Justice
The first significant point in the article “Indigenous Peoples, Criminology, and Criminal Justice” by Chris Cunneen and Juan Marcellus Tauri is the immense neglect of the indigenous people in New Zealand, Australia, the United States, and Canada in terms of social and economic development as a result of extended colonization. The Indigenous people form the minority population in these four Anglo-settler-colonial nations. The decreased number of these Indigenous people exposes them to economic and political marginalization since they live in remote areas or reservation settlement. The poverty level of these Indigenous people is high, and they face political oppression from the other settlers in the society. Social marginalization is mainly on accessing health and education services. Inadequate levels of health services have resulted in a significant decrease in the Indigenous population (Cunneen & Tauri, 2019).
The other major point in the article is the excessive representation of the indigenous individuals in the settler-colonial states. The indigenous people in the four nations face massive victimization and convictions from the settler-colonial officials. For instance, 51 percent of the
Inmate Society in the Era of Mass Incarceration
One of the main points in the article is the perception of the inmate society and culture. Inmates in the majority of the US and local prisons have a model and culture that are well understood to them, but not to the prison wardens. According to Kreager and Kruttschnitt (2018), inmates are exposed to a high rate of insecurity and are victims of heterosexual sex. The inmates undergo massive pain, which leads to developing some coping mechanisms of self-survival in prison. Some inmates may go ahead to betray others to gain special favors from the staff. On the other hand, some inmates trade valuable goods within the prison to exploit other inmates. Inmate society or culture has a form of hierarchy to substitute different forms of denials in prison.
The second main point discussed in the article is the effects of mass incarceration in prisons. Minority and socioeconomically challenged communities are the primary victims of imprisonment in the US. These socioeconomically disadvantaged individuals are people of color. The result...