1. (Independence) Let A and B be independent events. Show that Ac = ? \ A and
Be = o B are independent. Also show that A and Be are independent (and so too,
by symmetry, are A and B).
2. (Conditional probability) Roll two (fair) dice. What is the probability that at least
one of the two dice is four given that their sum is seven?
3. (Conditional probability) Let (9,F,P) be a probability space. Let B € F be an event
with P(B) > 0. Define the function T:F [0, 1] by T(A) = P(A B).
(a) Show that (9,F,T) is a probability space. Hint: since we already know that F
is a a-algebra on 2. we need only check that T is a probability measure.
(b) Why did we require P(B) > 0?
4. (Counting) Consider a circular table with N > 4 seats. Barbie and Ken are two of N
dinner guests to be seated at this table. In how many ways can the dinner guests be
seated such that
(a) Barbie and Ken are not adjacent.
(b) Barbie and Ken are adjacent.
5. (Counting) Prove the binomial theorem. That is, prove that for a positive integer 72
and real numbers a and b,
Hint: an easy way to do this is with induction.
6. (Inverse images) Let f:1 B. Show that for any H,J C B,
(b) f-((H)) = (f-((H))
(c) f-1(H JJJ) Hint: use parts (a) and (b).
7. (Random variables) Let be a sequence of random variables. Prove that supn Xn
is also a random variable.
These solutions may offer step-by-step problem-solving explanations or good writing examples that include modern styles of formatting and construction
of bibliographies out of text citations and references. Students may use these solutions for personal skill-building and practice.
Unethical use is strictly forbidden.