# 1.1.4 To estimate the percentage of households in Connecticut which...

## Question

1.1.4 To estimate the percentage of households in Connecticut which use fuel oil as a heating source, a researcher collects information from 1000 Connecticut households about what fuel is their heating source. State the individual, variable, population, sample,parameter, and statistic
1.1.8 The World Health Organization wishes to estimate the mean density of people per square kilometer, they collect data on 56 countries. State the individual, variable, population, sample, parameter, and statistic
1.2.4 You wish to determine the GPA of students at your school. Describe what process you would go through to collect a sample if you use a stratified sample.
1.3.4 To evaluate whether a new fertilizer improves plant growth more than the old fertilizer, the fertilizer developer gives some plants the new fertilizer and others the old fertilizer. Is this an observation or an experiment? Why?
1.3.10 A mathematics instructor wants to see if a computer homework system improves the scores of the students in the class. The instructor teaches two different sections of the same course. One section utilizes the computer homework system and the other section completes homework with paper and pencil. Are the two samples matched pairs or not? Why or why not?
1.3.16 To determine if a new medication reduces headache pain, some patients are given the new medication and others are given a placebo. Neither the researchers nor the patients know who is taking the real medication and who is taking the placebo. Is this a blind experiment, double blind experiment, or neither? Why?
1.4.2 Suppose a car dealership offers a low interest rate and a longer payoff period to customers or a high interest rate and a shorter payoff period to customers, and most customers choose the low interest rate and longer payoff period, does that mean that most customers want a lower interest rate? Explain.
1.4.8 Suppose a telephone poll is conducted by contacting U.S. citizens via landlines about their view of gay marriage. Suppose over 50% of those called do not support gay marriage. Does that mean that you can say over 50% of all people in the U.S. do not support gay marriage? Explain
1.4.14 An employee survey says, “Employees at this institution are very satisfied with working here. Please rateyour satisfaction with the institution.” Discuss how this question could create bias.
2.1.4 In Connecticut households use gas, fuel oil, or electricity as a heating source. Table #2.1.7 shows the percentage of households that use one of these as their principle heating sources ("Electricity usage," 2013), ("Fuel oil usage," 2013), ("Gas usage," 2013). Create a bar chart and pie chart of this data. State any findings you see from the graphs.
Table #2.1.7: Data of Household Heating Sources
Heating Source    Percentage
Electricity                15.3%
Fuel Oil                   46.3%
Gas                         35.6%
Other                         2.8%

## Solution Preview

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1.1.4 Individual: Households in Connecticut
Variable: percentage of households in Connecticut who use fuel oil as a heating source
Population: the set of all responses from Connecticut households about what fuel is their heating source.
Sample: the set of 1000 responses of Connecticut households about what fuel is their heating source.
Parameter: percentage of those who use fuel oil as heating source calculated from the population of Connecticut households
Statistic : percentage of those who use fuel oil as the heating source from the sample of 1000 Connecticut households
1.1.8. Individual: A country
Variable: mean density of people per square Kilometer
Population: a set of all countries
Sample: set of chosen 56 countries...

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