## Transcribed Text

Part I : A- B
Directions
1-22
You will see Answer # in the REASON COLUMN. Fill in the
correct reason, on the Answer Form next to the number indicated.
YOU MUST USE THE CODES BELOW FOR THE MISSING
REASONS.
Use the following codes in your responses to the missing Reason.
Argument
Reasons
Equivalence
Reasons
Code Code
P Premise DM DeMorgan
PCM Premise for
Conditional
Method
CD Conditional
PIM Premise for
Indirect
Method
CP Contrapositive
MP Modus
Ponens
CTD Contradiction
MT Modus
Tollens
DS Disjunctive
Syllogism
DA Disjunctive
Addi
CS Conjunctive
Simplification
CA Conjunctive
Add
Page 2 of 6
Part I Argument A Part I Argument A ( 1 – 10)
A ( B C)
A /\ ( D \/ E)
~ ( ~ B \/ D ) ( C /\ E )
Step Statement Reason
1 A /\ ( D \/ E ) P
2 A ANSWER 1
3 A ( B C) ANSWER 2
4 B C ANSWER 3
5 ~ ( ~ B \/ D) ANSWER 4
6 B /\ ~ D ANSWER 5
7 B ANSWER 6
8 C ANSWER 7
9 D /\ E ANSWER 8
10 ~ D ANSWER 9
11 E ANSWER 10
12 C /\ E CA
13 ~ ( ~ B \/ D ) ( C /\ E ) CONCLUSION
Part I Argument B Part I Argument B ( 11 – 22)
D ~ ( C \/ B )
A C
A ~ D
Step Step Statement Reason
1 ~ ( A ~ D ) ANSWER 11
2 ~ ( ~ A \/ ~ D ) ANSWER 12
3 A /\ D ANSWER 13
4 A ANSWER 14
5 A c ANSWER 15
6 C ANSWER 16
7 D ANSWER 17
8 D ~ ( C \/ B) ANSWER 18
9 ~ ( C \/ B ) ANSWER 19
10 ~ C /\ ~ B ANSWER 20
11 ~ C ANSWER 21
12 A ~ D ANSWER 22
Page 3 of 6
Part II : A- B
Directions
23 -40
In each argument, for each step that you see Answer # in the
REASON COLUMN, fill in the correct CODE for the Reason, on
the Answer Form next to the number indicated.
YOU MUST USE THE CODES BELOW FOR THE MISSING
REASONS.
Use the following codes in your responses to the missing Reason.
Argument
Reasons
Equivalence
Reasons
P Premise DM DeMorgan
PCM Premise for
Conditional
Method
CD Conditional
PIM Premise for
Indirect
Method
CP Contrapositive
MP Modus
Ponens
CTD Contradiction
MT Modus
Tollens
DS Disjunctive
Syllogism
DA Disjunctive
Addi
CS Conjunctive
Simplification
CA Conjunctive
Add
Page 4 of 6
Part II
Argument A
Part II Argument A ( 24 – 32)
( C /\ ~ B ) \/ ( B /\ ~ D )
C A
~ A \/ E
~ E___
B
Step Statement Reason
1 ~ A \/ E Answer 23
2 ~ E Answer 24
3 ~ A Answer 25
4 C A Answer 26
5 ~ C Answer 27
6 ~ C \/ B Answer 28
7 ~ ( C /\ ~ B ) Answer 29
8 ( C /\ ~ B ) \/ ( B /\ ~ D ) Answer 30
9 B /\ ~ D Answer 31
10 B Answer 32
Part II
Argument B
Part II Argument B ( 33 –40)
~ B ~ A
B ( C \/ D )
( A /\ ~ C ) D
Step Statement Reason
1 A /\ ~ C Answer 33
2 A Answer 34
3 ~ B ~ A Answer 35
4 B Answer 36
5 B ( C \/ D ) Answer 37
6 C \/ d Answer 38
7 ~ C Answer 39
8 D Answer 40
9 ( A /\ ~ C ) D PROVED
Page 5 of 6
Part III :
Directions
For answers
to 41 - 50
Each argument below is valid and it can be shown to be a valid
argument form with using just one equivalence.
From the List A below, choose the letter for the argument form that
best fits the given argument. Your odd numbered answers, 41, 43, 45,
47, 49 should be argument forms.
From the List B below choose the letter for the equivalence form that
best completes the correct argument form. Your even numbered
answer 42, 44, 46, 48, 50 should be equivalences
Use the following codes in your responses.
List A
Argument Reasons
List B
Equivalence Reasons
P Premise DM DeMorgan
PCM Premise for Conditional Method CD Conditional
PIM Premise for Indirect Method CP Contrapositive
MP Modus Ponens CTD Contradiction
MT Modus Tollens
DS Disjunctive Syllogism
DA Disjunctive Addition
CS Conjunctive Simplification
CA Conjunctive Addition
Page 6 of 6
41 -42
( C /\ ~ B ) ( B /\ ~ D )
~ ( ~ C \/ B )
B /\ ~ D
41)
42)
What is Argument Form ?
(From List A above)
What is Equivalence ?
(From List B above)
43- 44
A ( B /\ D )
~ B \/ ~ D
~ A
43)
44)
What is Argument Form ?
(From List A above)
What is Equivalence ?
(From List B above)
45- 46
~ ( A /\ B)
~ C A ____
~ ( A /\ B ) /\ ( C \/ A )
45)
46)
What is Argument Form ?
(From List A above)
What is Equivalence ?
(From List B above)
47- 48
A \/ ( B ~ C )
~ A
~ B \/ ~ C
47)
48)
What is Argument Form ?
(From List A above)
What is Equivalence ?
(From List B above)
49- 50
( ~ A \/ B ) /\ ~ C
~ ( A /\ ~ B)
49)
50)
What is Argument Form ?
(From List A above)
What is Equivalence ?
(From List B above)

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