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Fatalities 230 people lost their lives in 2016, the 450 NYC Traffic Fatalities 2000-2016 fewest in any year since New York City 394 400 381 387 began keeping records in 1910. The 364 350 first three years of Vision Zero is the 297 321 324 289 299 safest three-year period in the City's 300 275 260 273 278 249 258 history, and also the first time in over 250 234 230 decade that traffic fatalities fell for 200 three consecutive years. 150 100 50 2004 2005 2006 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Year Vision Zero 2000-2013 average prior to Vision Zero Source: NYC DOT & NYPD Pedestrians VAV 145 pedestrians lost their lives in 250 NYC Pedestrian Fatalities 2000-2016 traffic crashes in 2016. Although 2015 remains the safest year on record for 200 188 194 187 pedestrian deaths, the first three years 179 184 157 168 of Vision Zero is now the safest three 155 152 158 153 150 140 142 140 139 145 year period for pedestrians since 1910, when New York City began keeping records of traffic deaths. The City's 100 strategy of concentrating engineering and enforcement resources in priority 50 corridors, intersections and areas is working. Pedestrian fatalities at these locations declined 27 percent in 2016 2004 2001 2008 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2018 compared to the five years before Year Vision Zero. Vision Zero 2000-2013 average prior to Vision Zero Source: NYC DOT NYPD Bicyclists In 2016, 18 bicyclists lost their lives 30 in traffic crashes. DOT built a record NYC Bicyclist Fatalities 2000-2016 18.5 miles of protected bike lanes 25 24 and 45 miles of conventional bike 22 22 22 21 lanes in 2016, for a record 64 miles of 20 20 19 18 18 18 18 18 dedicated bike lanes, all of which help 16 keep bicyclists safe. NYPD developed 15 13 14 new enforcement initiative, Operation 12 12 Safe Passage, to focus on motorist 10 violations which are especially hazardous for cyclists, such as parking 5 in bike lanes or improper turns. This initiative resulted in 530,000 hazardous parking violations and 54,000 2008 2001 2008 2008 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2013 hazardous moving summonses. Year Vision Zero 2000-2013 average prior to Vision Zero Source: NYC DOT & NYPD Motorcyclists 19 motorcyclists lost their lives in 50 46 NYC Motorcyclist Fatalities 2000-2016 traffic crashes in 2016. The last two 45 41 42 years are the safest for motorcyclists 39 40 40 since 1998. Much of this decline can 35 34 36 36 37 35 32 be attributed to NYPD's enforcement 31 29 30 strategy to deter reckless motorcycle 27 riding and illegal motorcycle use. Over 25 the past two years NYPD has issued 20 26,000 moving violations to motor- 15 cyclists for hazardous conduct and 10 towed over 3,000 motorcycles which 5 were unregistered or for equipment violations. 2008 2006 2001 2008 2008 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Year Vision Zero 2000- 2013 average prior to Vision Zero Source: NYC DOT & NYPD Motorists and Passengers In 2016, 48 motorists and passengers NYC Motorist and Passenger Fatalities 2000-2016 160 lost their lives in traffic crashes, the 143 146 lowest total since New York City 140 133 132 began keeping records. Most motor 120 vehicle fatalities involve speeding. 108 107 99 Accordingly, approximately 50 percent 100 of motorist and passenger fatalities 80 75 76 73 occur between midnight and 6 a.m., 61 61 61 61 59 when speeding is more prevalent. 60 52 48 Expanding the speed camera program 40 to deter speeding during these hours 20 would help prevent these crashes. 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2001 2008 2010 2011 2012 Year Vision Zero 2000-2013 average prior to Vision Zero Source: NYC DOT 8 NYPD Moving Violations Summonses Data compiled 1/12/2017 Source: NYPD Pre-Vision Zero, 2014, 2015, 2016 200,000 180,000 160,000 140.000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 SPEEDING NOT GIVING FAIL TO STOP IMPROPER CELL TEXTING DISOBEY WAY TO PED ON SIGNAL TURNS PHONE SIGN 2011-2013 Average MOVING SUMMONSES 2014 2015 2016 -Vision Zero SPEEDING 77,000 117,768 134,438 137.256 NOT GIVING WAY TO PED 12,345 33,577 39,853 42,385 FAIL TO STOP ON SIGNAL 40,214 53,445 55,199 59,187 IMPROPER TURNS 58,181 73,237 76,049 82,360 CELL PHONE 143,552 106,503 84,630 75,898 TEXTING 10,693 32,601 41,209 46,629 DISOBEY SIGN 131,842 152,623 165,389 194,380 TOTAL VISION ZERO SUMMONSES 473,826 569,754 596,767 638,095 TOTAL MOVING SUMMONSES 1,039,995 1,062,529 1,003,043 1,042,563 % of Vision Zero Summonses to Total Moving Summonses Issues 46% 54% 59% 61%

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In order to assess the impact of Mayor Bill de Blasio’s plan, we can calculate and compare the measures of central tendencies before and after his Vision Zero program.
Pre-Vision Zero mean, median and mode are 313.6429, 298, 249 respectively. Post-Vision Zero mean and median are 240.6667 and 243 respectively. We did not calculate Post-Vision Zero mode because we had just...
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