Please answer these question in short answer format, typed and double-spaced. Be concise, but fully answer each question.

1. Who is credited with inventing Cinematography?
2. In what ways are cinematography and photography different?
3. How are they similar?
4. What is persistence of vision and why is it important to filmmakers?
5. How is creating the sense of three dimensionality in film an illusion?
6. What is Semiotics?
7. Give one reason why semiotics is important to cinematographers?
8. In Western cultures, we read left to right. Why does this interest filmmakers?
9. How does your eye differ from a camera?
10. What is perspective?
11. What is a vanishing point?
12. (True/False) With single perspective drawings and photos, the viewer’s eyes are drawn into the vanishing point.
13. What are the three axis in a film frame and describe the type of movement associated with each.
14. (True/False) With regards to motion in the z-axis, do you expect things to get smaller as they come closer?
15. What are the three factors in the exposure triad that affect exposure in photography and cinematography?
16. (True/False) As ASA/ISO numbers get larger the film gets more sensitive and grain becomes more apparent.
17. Motion Blur can be achieved by changing the ________.
18. The aperture f/# is the ratio of ________/__________.
19. As f/#s increase, the size of the aperture itself increases or decreases?
20. Changing the f/# from 1.4 to 4 is a difference of how many stops?
21. In the previous question, how many times more or less light is this?
22. What two factors affect the shutter speed in cinematography?
23. If I change the shutter from 180 degrees to 45 degrees have I increased or decreased the amount of motion blur?
24. How many stops difference is this change in shutter angle?
25. (True/False) When shooting inside a dimly lit room, I should use a film with a lower ASA/ISO.
26. What does it mean to be in focus?
27. Why is the hyperfocal distance important?
28. What single factor determines the size of circles of confusion?
29. (True/False) As the size of your recording medium increases, the size of the circles of confusion increases as well.
30. Depth of Field is the area in acceptable focus in front of the camera:__________ is the area in acceptable focus behind the lens of the camera.

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1. Who is credited with inventing Cinematography? While motion photographers such as Edweard Muybridge and the Lumiere Brothers were innovators who contributed to the development of cinematography, Louis Le Prince is known as the “Father” of Cinematography....

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