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Write section the paper. This should include discussion Tables and? and should be nomore than 500 words about 4 normal paragraphs. 2) Write study limitations. should focu any aspects study that need inferences about the section no more than 50 words Write for the the control analysis. *Word limit are strictly applied within the usual of Research setting: children followed from S years. Research question: achievement at years of age? Exposure: Neonatal A diagnosis neonatal hypoglycaemia was made based on anda glucose This -point defined in In this diagnosis made within the first Diseases 10th comprised all babies Edition The group who did not havea diagnosis hypoglycaemia within the first hours postnatal life Outcomes reading, numeracy, and having School Card. School achievement (reading, numeracy) data was acquired through the National Assessment study, was used. the grade and Numeracy NAPL nichis conducted.in grades 3,5 For this aspects 2 hildren's school spelling, gramma and numeracy Only nataren's ding reading and numeracy outcomes were used ir this study. Each grade nimum Standard Children the efforming poorly with their reguire additional perform compared School card: South Australia, School income families with financial relief to support schooling. School fees are waived o subsidised holders of a School Card School Card solely upon income. For having Card and from School achievement analyses of to, watch the on-line lecture again, remind yourself what a negative control outcome is.) The analysis involved univariable and mul riable essions. Log -binomial regression models* were used generate Risk Ratios (RR) that examined the having a as an infant and performing below NMS on each of the NAPLAN assessments and having school card. Log binomial models generate RRs rather than odds ratios (ORs) from logistic regression They are are more appropriate when the notrare (i.e., prevalence) logistic outcome they that easier to interpret, and Table Characteristics of the study sample (n=42,227) Hypoglye caemia No n=544 24,683 Data collected at baseline (birth of infant) Primiparous 266 (49%) 10400 (42%) Mother smoked during pregnancy 217 (40%) 6200 (25%) Diabetes pregnancy 44(8%) 1061 (4%) Complications of labour delivery 96 (54%) 8442 (34%) 343 (63%) 12588 (51%) Gestational at birth (wk) 39+2 40 + 1 Birthweight 3205 + 774 2981 + 535 272 (50%) 17772 (72% and 125(23%) 12095 (49%) for area 976 + 74 1121 + 52 5381(22%) 5233 (21%) School Card 189 (35%) 4690 (19%) Disadvantage is a general socio-economic indexthat unemployment, occupational skill, crowding and scores indicate more disadvantaged areas. Table Unadiusted Reading scores below the National Unadjusted Adjusted (model 1) Adjusted (model 2) N=25227 N=22317 N=14955 RR P P RR P (95% CI) (95% CI) (95% CI) Reading Hypoglycaemia 1.44(1.25, <0.001 1.21 (0.99, 0.051 1.12 (0.89, 0.112 1.65) 1.43) 1.29) Maternal (y) 0.92 (0.89, 0.059 0.97 (0.90, 0.361 1.05) 1.04) Smoking pregnancy 1.75(0.87, 0.441 1.29 (0.90, 0.448 3.00) 1.54) Primiparous 0.89 (0.86, 0.037 0.98 (0.93, 0.071 0.92) 1.04) Diabetes pregnancy 1.17 (1.08) 0.026 1.08 (0.80, 0.802 1.27) 1.34) Complications labor/ 1.28 (1.19 0.002 1.21 (1.15, 0.008 delivery 1.37) 1.29) Gestational (wk) 0.91 (0.80, 0.066 0.98 (0.97, 0.447 1.02) 1.01) Birthweight (kg) 0.61 (0.43, <0.001 0.73 (0.57, <0.001 0.86) 0.84) Male 1.04 (1.01, 0.038 1.09) Mother completed high 0.95 (0.89) 0.041 school 0.99) Maternal occupation 1.00 (0.91, 0.207 1.07) Socioeconomic disadvantage 1.01 (0.90, 0.834 1.11) Numeracy lypoglycaemia 1.79 (1.44, <0.001 1.32 (1.02, 0.061 1.11 (1.00, 0.050 2.11) 1.55) 1.21) Maternal (y) 0.99 (0.98, 0.061 0.98 (0.94, 0.117 1.02) 1.06) Smoking pregnancy 1.54 (1.18, 0.445 1.31.11.07. 0.002 2.17) 1.48) rimiparous 0.81 (0.77, 0.024 0.96 (0.87, 0.219 1.13) Diabetes pregnancy 1.07 (0.98, 0.331 1.07(0.96, 0.264 1.14) 1.17) Complications of labor/ 1.27 (1.23, 0.007 1.19(1.13, 0.008 delivery 1.281 3 Gestational (wk) 0.89 (0.79) 0.980 0.95 (0.85, 0.037 1.20) 0.99) Birthweight (kg) 0.51 (0.39) <0.001 0.55 (0.46, <0.001 0.72) 0.68) Male 1.03 (1.01, 0.025 1.08) Mother completed high 0.99 (0.93. 0.061 school 1.04) Maternal occupation 0.98 (0.91, 0.089 1.10) Socloeconomic disadvantage 1.06 (0.99, 0.088 1.11) School Card Hypoglycaemia 1.83 (1.41, <0.001 1.27(0.98, 0.054 1.15(0.94, 0.084 1.99) 1.44) 1.30) Maternal (y) 0.96 (0.86, 0.319 0.99 (0.93, 0.602 1.06) 1.07) Smoking pregnancy 1.87(0.96 0.061 1.33 (1.07, 0.004 2.05) 1.54) Primilparous 0.94 (0.87, 0.040 0.98 (0.91 0.367 0.99) 1.02) Diabetes pregnancy 1.11 (1.08, 0.032 1.08 (1.03, 0.048 1.17) 1.11) Complications labor/ 1.39(1.31, 0.002 1.21 (1.13, 0.008 delivery 1.47) 1.29) Gestational (wk) 0.90 (0.81, 0,428 0.99 (0.86, 0.791 1.31) 1.25) Birthweight (kg) 0.54 (0.45 <0.001 0.44(0.30. <0.001 0.62) 0.71) Male 1.06 (1.03, 0.039 1.11) Mother completed high 0.96 (0.92, 0.052 school 1.01) Maternal 0.95 (0.94 0.012 0.96) Socioeconomic disadvantage 1.04 (1.02, 0.047 1.05) pregnancy including maternal age, smoking primiparous, in model gestational age, and birth weight characteristics including; maternal education, maternal tupation and socioeconomic disadvantage

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Results
The total of 42 227 children were included in this study, and their characteristics are shown on the table 1. Hypoglycaemia was recorded in 544 children, whereas 24 683 children had no neonatal hypoglycaemia.
Table 2 shows the relative risks (unadjusted and adjusted) of hypoglycaemia during the neonatal period and NAPLAN performance below the national standard. Children with neonatal hypoglycaemia were 1.44 times (p<0.001) at increased risk of performing below the national standards in reading...

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