Please read the below for a detailed description on how to complete this step.
Step 6 - The Method ChapterPreview the document
In a 4-6 page paper written in IWG format, and attached as a Microsoft Word document, complete the Method Chapter
Step 6 – The Method Chapter
The method chapter of an APA formatted project or thesis study provides the methods and procedures to be used in a research study or project. You should provide detailed information on the design, participants, equipment, materials, variables, and actions taken by the participants. This Chapter should provide enough information to allow other researchers/students to replicate your study or project. The Chapter should utilize headings to divide up different sections.
These sections should include the following (use the bolded words as headers):
1. Introduction: Include in this section a restatement of your purpose and introduce what you will say in the methodology chapter.
2. Participants: Describe the participants in your study or project, including who they will be, how many there will be, and how they will be selected. For example: 150 4th and 5th grade children will be randomly selected from elementary schools in the Salt Lake City area.
3. Materials: Describe the materials, measures, equipment, or stimuli to be used in the study or project. This may include testing instruments, technical equipment, books, organizational procedures or equipment, images, or other materials used in the course of the study or project. For example: The Child Behavior Checklist (CBC) will be provided to teachers and parents to identify the typical behaviors of 4th and 5th grade children before and after the in-school intervention.
4. Design: Describe the type of design to be used in the study or project. Specify the variables measured (e.g., child behavior, or effectiveness of marketing plan developed in the project) as well as the levels of these variables (e.g., the 4th grade was compared to the 5th grade or the project impacted all nurses at the facility or only those in med/surg).
5. Procedure: The next part of your method section should detail the procedures to be used in your study or project. Explain what you will have participants do, how you will collect data, and the order in which steps will occur. For example: The CBC will be distributed to parents and teachers prior to the beginning of the inschool intervention. The intervention will include a facilitated discussion among the 4th and 5th grade classes at four elementary schools. Facilitators will be trained early childhood education specialists who will lead a discussion on living the golden rule, how everyone can contribute to a better world and the role that personal responsibility plays in happiness. The intervention will occur three times each week for 8 weeks, after which the CBC will be administered again. Comparisons will be made within and between the grades.
6. Work Plan with Timetable: It is important that the proposal include a work plan of how the study or project will be completed. Describe in detail what you plan to do until completion of your thesis study or project. List the stages of your project or study in a table format. In the table indicate deadlines you have set for completing each stage of the project or study, including any work you have already completed. Finally, discuss any particular challenges that need to be overcome.
This material may consist of step-by-step explanations on how to solve a problem or examples of proper writing, including the use of citations, references, bibliographies, and formatting. This material is made available for the sole purpose of studying and learning - misuse is strictly forbidden.Alcohol and substance abuse among the elderly is emerging as a serious healthcare issue with the number rising from 1.7 million in 2000 and predicted to reach over 4.4 million people by the year 2020 (Chhatre, Cook, Mallik, & Jayadevappa, 2017). One of the possible causes of the rise in the number elderly people using alcohol and other drugs is the equal growth in the number of individuals aged over 50 years, with one study observing a double growth of this population between the year 2000 and 2007 (Chhatre et al., 2017). In another study, the elderly adults were identified among the fastest growing population with its share in the US population expected to reach over 20% by the year 2040 (Tadros, Mason, Davidov, Davis, & Layman, 2015). Alcohol and substance abuse among the elderly is emerging as a serious health care issue because of the associated long-term adverse effects on the health and quality of life of the population. Among the leading causes of alcohol and substance abuse in this population include psychosocial and socioeconomic factors such as loneliness, mental health issues, and financial instability. The evaluation of the socioeconomic and psychosocial triggers of alcohol and substance abuse will pave the way for the identification of evidence-based preventive measures to reduce the prevalence of this problem.
Background of the Problem
Between the year 2006 and 2011, the number of elderly patients presenting to the emergency department for alcohol and drug-related disorders were over 1.6 million with approximately 66% of these patients being hospitalized for alcohol and substance-induced complications (Tadros et al., 2015). The burden of care and the medical costs from treating alcohol and substance-related disorders and complications have been overwhelming with financial estimations between 2006 and 2011 showing over $ 2.1 billion for ED presentation and discharge and over $ 40 billion for alcohol-related hospitalizations (Tadros et al., 2015). The overwhelming burden of care and huge medical expenses associated with treating alcohol-related complications among the elderly necessitate the examination of underlying risk factors while informing the identification of effective and appropriate preventive measures to avert the long-term complications. In another study, approximately a third of elderly hospitalized patients had alcohol and substance use problem (Lal & Pattanayak, 2017).
Multiple studies have identified psychological and socioeconomic factors as some of the leading risk factors for alcohol and substance abuse among the elderly (Cho, Bhimani, Patel, & Thomas, 2018; Mushtaq, Shoib, Shah, & Mushtaq, 2014). Other studies have also developed a connection between prevalence of alcohol and substance abuse among the elderly and the Baby Boom generation (born between 1949 and 1964) because of prolonged exposure, early onset of alcohol use, and use of alcohol and drugs when faced with socioeconomic and psychiatric problems, as well as, socialization (Babatunde, Outlaw, Forbes, & Gay, 2014; Chhatre et al., 2017). In a Pew Research publication, the number of elderly individuals (over 65 years) living alone in the United States was approximately 12 million with 12% of this population claiming to be financially unstable (Stepler, 2016). In Europe, the financial crisis of the 2000s was attributed to a massive change in the drinking behaviors of elderly adults with hazardous drinking behaviors increasing among those who lost jobs or had lower financial stability (Bosque-Prous et al., 2015). In addition to socioeconomic factors, mental health issues such as depression and anxiety have also been linked to increased susceptibility to drugs and alcohol abuse (Cleary, Sayers, Bramble, Jackson, & Lopez, 2017; Emiliussen, Nielsen, & Andersen, 2017; Haighton, 2016). Mental or psychological issues including self-perceived loss of control or influence, self-perceived poor health, and depression have been identified as some of the leading causes of alcohol and drug use among the elderly. The impact of these conditions on decision making and the perceived benefits of alcohol and drugs to mask these problems have emerged as some of the predictors of alcohol use among the elderly. This study will focus primarily on the socioeconomic and psychological risk factors for alcohol and drug use among the elderly.
Alcohol and drug use among the elderly have been linked to adverse health outcomes including chronic illnesses, substance-induced mental disorders, death, and the overwhelming cost of care (Cleary et al., 2017; Chhatre et al., 2017; Lal & Pattanayak, 2017; Tadros et al., 2015). The burden of care and the increased risks for other comorbid factors necessitate the identification of risk factors that trigger this behavior while implementing evidence-based interventions to improve health outcomes of the population. Additionally, the rise in the number of elderly patients and an increase in age-based stressors such as loneliness, depression, anxiety, and low self-perceived health status, necessitate the accurate determination of existing relationships between these age-related psychological conditions and use of drugs and alcohol. The study from the Pew Research Center that shows an increase in the number of elderly individuals living...