What are the diagnostic methods of detection ( that involves blood biomarkers and genetic test and imaging methods(CT, Endoscopic Ultrasound, MRI.
However, at the end of the essay, it is important to mention that there are a lot of diagnostic tests. These tests can help to identify the stages and the severity of pancreatic cancer and identify the best options for treatment. therefore, early detection of pancreatic cancer is still challenging and there are no specific guidelines to early detection in order to improve the patient's survival rate.
This material may consist of step-by-step explanations on how to solve a problem or examples of proper writing, including the use of citations, references, bibliographies, and formatting. This material is made available for the sole purpose of studying and learning - misuse is strictly forbidden.Cancer has become quite common these days. Some might be benign while some malignant. However, one thing is for sure, early detection of cancer can help increase the patient’s chances of survival. Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a highly aggressive one with poor diagnosis (Yoshi and Izumi, 2018). The pancreas is an endocrine and exocrine gland which secretes both hormones and enzymes that help in metabolizing fats as well as carbohydrates. Patients generally die shortly after diagnosis. This is because most of the time early detection is not possible. Cancer can affect both endocrine and exocrine cells of the pancreas. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is the cancer of the exocrine cells of the pancreas. It is more common with an 85% incidence. It has a harsher prognosis and rapid deterioration compared to the malignancy of endocrine cells (pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor) which has nearly a 5% incidence rate. According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, the chances of a patient surviving 5 years after diagnosis is merely 5.8%, which is an extremely low survival rate.
Cancer is the second largest cause of death globally. Almost 1 in 6 people across the world are suffering from one or other form of cancer. As per data available from W.H.O. the most common cancers are lung and breast cancer followed by colorectal, prostate, skin and stomach. Lung cancer is the most common cause of death, while pancreatic cancer is the 7th top reason of death across the world (Rawla et. al., 2019). Compared to developing nations, the occurrence of pancreatic cancer-related death is more in developed nations. Late diagnosis and subsequent delayed treatment might be the most common reasons for the higher mortality rate. Detection of pancreatic cancer is difficult as usually the patient asymptomatic until a very advanced stage. Pancreatic cancer is more common in men than in women (Bray...