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Vilayanur Ramachandran described three unusual neurological disorders and suggested that by function of the brain in disease we can begin to learn how the normal brain works.
The first example he talked about was Capgras syndrome. A person with Capgras will recognize someone’s face but hold the belief that the person is an imposter and is trying to trick them. If they speak to the person on the phone without seeing them they will recognize the voice and accept that they are speaking to the right person but not if they see the person. Dr. Ramachandran stated that the typical explanation for what is happening is a psychological response and not a physiological/neurological disorder. He suggests that a more reasonable way to interpret this disorder is that the brain damage disrupted the relationship between what is seen, how it is interpreted and how you feel about that person...
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