There are 6 options from 3 categories, and you must choose three ac...

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There are 6 options from 3 categories, and you must choose three according to the options presented.
There is no word limit or word minimum.
The instructions for each of the 6 prompts is the same: ‘Write an essay in which you analyze the stated philosopher’s position on the issue, and then explain and defend your own answer to the question, using concepts and ideas presented in class.’

Choose one of these 2 questions:
(1.) Can moral value be aggregated? (discuss Kant’s view vs. a utilitarian’s view, before explaining and defending your own view)
2. Is autonomy morally relevant? (discuss Kant’s view vs. a utilitarian’s view, before explaining and defending your own view)

Choose one of these 2 questions:
(3.) What is the connection between desire and happiness, according to Plato? Do you agree?
4. How does our behavior shape our character, according to Aristotle? Do you agree?

Choose one of these 2 questions:
(5.) How could Plato’s thought experiment of “the Myth of Gyges” be used to challenge contractarianism? Do you think this challenge is successful?
6. How could the prisoner's dilemma be used to challenge contractarianism? Do you think this challenge is successful?

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These solutions may offer step-by-step problem-solving explanations or good writing examples that include modern styles of formatting and construction of bibliographies out of text citations and references. Students may use these solutions for personal skill-building and practice. Unethical use is strictly forbidden.

1. Can moral value be aggregated? (discuss Kant’s view vs. a utilitarian’s view, before explaining and defending your own view)
Kant’s view is, absolutely, that moral value cannot be aggregated. A prime example of this is his notion that a person is an end in itself. That is, a person’s ‘value’ is such that there is no circumstance in which some consideration or interest or goal or end could have higher value than that of the person – a person could never be used as a means to some other end. So, when dealing with incomparable, unsurpassable, absolute value, there can be no place for a notion of aggregation of value....

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