Application of an Ethical Theory to Euthanasia (1240 words)

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Question

Instructions
Write a five-paragraph essay that conforms to the requirements below. The paper must be at least 1,000 words in length (excluding title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style. The paragraphs of your essay should conform to the following guidelines:
o Introduction
The introduction should clearly state the ethical question under consideration, and define the essential issues. You may build upon the question and introduction you provided in the Week One Assignment; or you may choose a different question, but it must be based off the list of acceptable topics. Your introduction should include a brief remark about the kind of theory you will be using to approach this question. The last sentence of the introduction should briefly summarize the or position on the issue you think is best supported by this theory and succinctly state what the objection will be. Bear in mind that your essay will not be concerned with your own position on this issue, but what someone reasoning along the lines of the chosen theory would conclude; this may or may not be the position you took in the Week One Assignment.

o Body Paragraphs
Each paragraph in the body should start with a topic sentence that clearly identifies the main idea of the paragraph.

o Theory explanation
Explain the core principles or features of the deontological or utilitarian theory and the general account of moral reasoning it provides.

You must quote from at least one required resource other than your textbook that defends or represents that theory. Refer to the list of acceptable resources.

o Application
Demonstrate how the principles or features of the deontological or utilitarian theory apply to the question under consideration and identify the specific conclusion that results from applying the reasoning characteristic of that kind of approach.

Your application should clearly show how the conclusion follows from the main principles and features of the theory as addressed in the previous paragraph. Please see the associated guidance for help in fulfilling this requirement.

o Objection
Raise a relevant objection to the argument expressed in your application. An objection articulates a plausible reason why someone might find the argument problematic. This can be a false or unsupported claim or assumption, fallacious reasoning, a deep concern about what the conclusion involves, a demonstration of how the argument supports other conclusions that are unacceptable, etc. You should aim to explain this objection as objectively as possible, (i.e., in a way that would be acceptable to someone who disagrees with the argument from the previous paragraph).

Note that this does not necessarily mean that the objection succeeds, or that the conclusion the theory supports is wrong. It may be an obstacle that any adequate defense of the conclusion would have to overcome, and it may be the case that the theory has the resources to overcome that obstacle. Your task here is simply to raise the objection or present the “obstacle.”

o Conclusion
The conclusion should very briefly summarize the main points of your essay.

Solution Preview

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This paper considers the ethical question of whether the outcomes of the Boyes and Schiavo cases of voluntary euthanasia—and the acts which led to those outcomes—were the right, moral acts and outcomes from the standpoint of consequentialist, utilitarian ethics. The essential issues are as follows: First, there is the broadest category of the morality of euthanasia, i.e. the morality of ending life in order to end suffering, where ‘suffering’ itself may refer to a variety of conditions. Then there are the interrelated issues of the moral status of the person(s) who carry out the procedure involved, the decision-makers and interested parties involved, and the potential societal consequences of euthanasia as an established practice. And, finally, there are the perennial issues of the sanctity of life regardless of the condition of the life in question. This paper presents...

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