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Professor Alasdair MacIntyre, in his book After Virtue (1981), gives an interpretation of the arguments of Soren Kierkegaard from his book Either/Or (1843). MacIntyre also gives objections to Kierkegaard’s arguments. In this essay, I will offer a summary and a series of evaluations of MacIntyre and Kierkegaard’s arguments.
(1) First, I will offer a summary of MacIntyre’s interpretation of Either/Or, and then I will give a summary of MacIntyre’s objections to Either/Or. MacIntyre states that the central argument of his book is to provide a response to what he sees as the failure of philosophy since the Enlightenment to discover “a rational justification for morality” (MacIntyre, 39). MacIntyre says that Kierkegaard tries to address the same issue. MacIntyre says that the genius of Kierkegaard’s book is that he accomplishes the difficult task of creating a modern response to the problem of rational justification for morality by presenting many viewpoints so that, in the end, the reader must make “the ultimate choice” (MacIntyre, 40)....