What insight from José Ortega Y Gasset had an impact on Leopoldo Zea?
O A In order to understand anything, we must embrace everything.
O B. In order to understand anything, we must embrace nothing.
O C. In order to understand ourselves, we must understand our circumstances.
O º· In order to understand ourselves, we must understand everything and nothing.
Zea believes that Latin American philosophy in his day had reached wh at philosopher Francisco Romero called?
O A A period of philosophical normalcy.
O B. A contentment with imttation.
O C. A period of regression.
O D. A period of interna! conflict.
Zea believes the existence of Latin Amer ican philosophy depends on whether or not there is a Latin American culture.
According to Zea , the Asian man has adopted 80 TH technology and culture from Europe.
According to Zea , A Mayan temple is as familiar and meaningful to con temporary Latin Amer icans as a Hindu temple is to contemporary Asians.
QUESTIO N 8
Zea compares Latin America's cultural relationship to Europe as that of a son to a father anda s trying to wear an ill fitting suit.
According to Zea , Latin America was the ideal creation of Europe.
According to Zea , Anglo-Saxon (i.e., North) America tries to outdo Europe through technological advances but this does not show a distinct (or superior) cultural ability.
According to Zea , 11 Latin America becomes aware of its true relationship with Europe it will?
O A Shed its sense of res ponsibility and adopt a sense of inferiority.
O B. Shed its sense of inferiority and adopt a strong sense of nationalism.
O C. Shed its sense of inferiority and adopt a sense of responsibility.
O D. Shed its strong sense of nationalism and adopta sense of inferiority.
Zea believes that Latin American philos ophy can help European philosophy with regard to universal issues and questions (e.g., being, knowledge, space, time, God, lile, death, etc.).
QUEST ION 11
According to Zea, when Latín Amer ican philosophers address abstrae! issues their responses should count as Latin American philosophy because?
0 A They are given from a Latín American standpoint.
O B. Abstrae! philosophy is Philosophy is Latín American philosophy.
O C. Latín American philosophy is the only 111iversal philosophy.
0 D. Latin American philosophy is Christian ohilosophy.
QUEST ION 12
Zea believes that even if Latin American philosophy is just a copy of European philosophy, this is not necessa rily a bad thing, just difi eren!, and this difference might actually help show us what is uniquely Latín
QUEST ION 13
According to Zea, philosophy in its universa l character has been concerned with a problem that has long agitated humanity and that is?
0 A The problem of the relations between man and society.
O B. The problem of the one and the many.
O C. The problem of evil.
0 D. The quest far certainity.
According to Zea, The history of Western culture is a history of crises that occur when the harmony between wh at and what is broken?
0 A science and religion
O B. culture and technology
0 C. ideas and reality
O D. metaphysics and epistemology
Zea believes that even if Latin American philosophy is ju si a copy of European philosophy, this is not necessarily a bad thing, jusi differe nt, and this difference might actually help show us what is uniqu ely Latin
QU ESTI ON 13
According to Zea , philosophy in its universa l character has been concerned with a problem that has long agttated humanity and that is?
O A. Tlle p1ul>ltm1 uí lile 1elcttium; lit!lwee 111 1c1m ct11c~.Ju de ly.
O B. The problem of the one and the many.
O C. The problem of evil.
O D. The quest b r certaintty.
According to Zea , The history of Western culture is a history of crises that occur when the harmony between wh at and what is broken?
O A science and religion
0 B. culture and technology
O C. ideas and reality
0 D. metaphysics and epistemo logy
As Zea sees it, the task of Latin American philosophy is?
0 A To avoid the crisis of Europe by return ing to Native American teachings .
O 8 -To search for new values that will prov ide the basis far a future culture.
0 C. To forever imttate European philosop hy, but with better outcomes.
O D. To be more historical and less metaphysical or political.
J QUESTION 1
Bondy believes that Latin American philosophy is the direct product of Latin American alienation.
According to Bondy, philosophy in Latin America began when?
O A In the 18th century with the importation of European renaissance thought.
O B. In the 16th century with the Spanish conques!.
O C. In the rich pre-Columbian past.
O º· In the 19th century with the arrival of Positivism.
According to Bondy, the first philosophy in Latin America was?
O A Conservative and Antimodern
O B. Platonist and Humanist
O C. lndigenous and Poetic
O D. liber al and Modern
According to Bondy, the predominance of scholasticism lasted until when?
O A The 16th century with lhe Spanish conquest.
O B. The 18th century with the importation of European renaissance thought.
O C. The 20th century with lhe rise of existentialism.
O D. The 19th century with lhe arrival of Positivism.
According to Bondy, wha t philosophical creed was practiced for four decades in ali Hispanic American countries al the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century?
O A Romanticism
O B. Positivism
O C. Existentialism
O D. Scholasticism
According to Bondy, who was an oracle to the founders in a way that Spencer was to the Posilivists?
O Aco mte
O B. Bergson
O C. Rousseau
O º ·Marx
According to Bondy, which two currents were as (if not more) influential !han Marxism and Catholic philosophy in the universit ies of Latin America?
O A Naturalism and Materialism
O B. Scholasticism and Positivism
O C. Rationalism and Empir icism
O D. Phenom enology and Existentialism
Afte r giving an overview of the four hundred ye ar history of philosophy in Latin Amer ica, Bondy believes that on balance the experience has been positive.
Bondy believes that philosophers in Latin Ame rica have so far mere ly adopted some preexisten! "ism" or incorporated into their thought the theses of the most resounding figures of the period.
According to Bondy, the most importan! philosop hic figures in Hispanic philosophy have been commentators or professo rs, but none have been thought to be original contributor s.
While Bondy does not think that philosophy must be popular he does think that a genuine philosophy should reftect the conscience of a commun~y. especially in its ethical and political derivat ions.
Bondy quot es from Hegel's Lectures on the History of Philosophy to show that philosophy can NEVER fail al its function. be inauthentic. or mystie d.
Accord ing to Bondy, wh at is the truthful side of an unauthentic philosophy?
O A They exp ress the sterility of communal and individu al lite.
O B. Philosophy is universal, so context and location is irrelevant.
O C. They exp ress the alienat ing and deficient elements that prevail in a community.
O D. Philosophy is universal. so the author's intention is irrelevant.
Bondy accepts the expla nat ion that in its defici ency or weakness, Latin Amer ican thought ~ betrays an original mode of philosophizing.
Acc ording to Bondy, sorne suggest that the lack of authentic Latín Amer ican philosop hy is due to the fact that professional and acade mic organizat ions have only recently been achieved in Latin Amer ica. Bondy
rejects this exp lanat ion because why?
O A Deficie ncies and inauthenticity rea ch other very importan! fields .
e B. The United States has mana ged to create üs own philosop hic tho ught.
e C.11 is not true that philosophy is becoming professionalized in Latín Amer ica.
O D. Many of the greates t philosophers did not enjoy academic ar instüutional support.
What can be class ified as Hispanic Americ an philosophy far Bondy sanctions inauthenticity: the use of foreign and inadequate pattern s, ideas, and values that do not jibe with reality and reflect a partial ar
fa lsified image of Latín Amer ican being.
What two concepts does Bondy think are necessary to utilize if we are to explain the condüion of Hispanic Amer ica (ar the Third Wor ld ingeneral)?
O A Culture and Spirit
O B. Being and Nothingness
e C. Underdevelopment and Domination
e D. Authe ntictty and Reality
According to Bondy, the relationship between !hose who practice philosophy and the comm unüy al large is jusi like the normal relationship between a specia list and the public.
Acco rding to Bondy, it is possib le far there to be a Hispanic Ame rican philosophy, but it must project into the future rather than (as most philosophies do) merely elucida te the meaning of facts already
Acc ording to Boncty, it is possible far there to be a Hispanic American philosop hy, but it must project into !he future rather than (as most philosophies do) merely elucidate !he meaning of facts already
Accord ing to Boncty, !he kind of philosophy he is propos ing is applied ar p<actical no! theoretical. Theoretical philosophy, he believ es, should be left far Europea ns.
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