Subject Philosophy General Philosophy

Question

You must respond to both prompts. Each prompt includes several questions. Make sure you clearly respond to each question.

Prompt 1: Descartes famously said, "I think therefore I am." What does this mean and what is its significance for Descartes' philosophy? From this statement, what do we know about ourselves and our relationship to our bodies?

Prompt 2: Nietzsche famously said, "God is dead." What does this mean and what is its significance for Nietzsche's philosophy? In replace of God, Nietzsche teaches us the overman. What is the meaning of the overman?

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Recall that Descartes’ goal is to establish firm foundations upon which all of knowledge may be ‘built’, for which his defining criterion is certainty, i.e. those foundations must be invulnerable to doubt. Then, if much of knowledge is concerned with the ‘outside’ world, and if that knowledge thus comes to us via our senses, then a key question is whether or not our senses are such that the knowledge they yield is in fact knowledge in the fullest, most certain sense. However...

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