Subject Philosophy General Philosophy
Question
Prompt 1: (Part 1) According to Russell, what is the problem of appearance verses reality, and what relevance does it have for everyday experience?
(Part 2) According to Russell, what is the problem of induction and what relevance does it have for scientific knowledge?
Solution
Russell introduces the problem of appearance versus reality by prompting his readers to “concentrate [the] attention on” (8) a table and to describe it. At a relatively ‘superficial’ level of detail, a description of what and how the table is would be uncontentious: “oblong, brown and shiny, to the touch it is smooth and cool and hard” (8), and it produces a typically wooden sound when tapped. But, if we delve into the question of what and how the table is in greater detail, we begin to run into issues of, for example...

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