Question

Abductive argument
1) What is an argument? Define.
2) What is abductive/inference to the best explanation? Define.
3) What is the simplicity criterion for strong abductive arguments? Define.
4) What is the conservancy criterion for strong abductive arguments? Define.

Near-death argument
5) In the near-death experience argument, what are data/premises that require explanation?
6) In the near-death experience argument,what is the proposed explanation?
7) In the near-death experience argument, what is the alternative explanation?
8) In the near-death experience argument,which explanation is simpler – proposed or alternative?
9) Why is the explanation you choose in 8 simpler?
10) In the near-death experience argument, who is the person for whom the proposed explanation is the most conservative? Describe his system of beliefs or state some of his key beliefs so that it is obvious what his system of beliefs is like and why the proposed explanation is the most conservative for him?
11) In the near-death experience argument, who is the person for whom the alternative explanation is the most conservative? Describe his system of beliefs or state some of his key beliefs so that it is obvious what his system of beliefs is like and why the alternative explanation is the most conservative for him?

Conceivability argument
12) In the conceivability argument, what are data/premises that require explanation?
13) In the conceivability argument,what is the proposed explanation?
14) In the conceivability argument, what is the alternative explanation?
15) In the conceivability argument,which explanation is simpler – proposed or alternative?
16) Why is the explanation you choose in 15) simpler?
17) In the conceivability experience argument, who is the person for whom the proposed explanation is the most conservative? Describe his system of beliefs or state some of his key beliefs so that it is obvious what his system of beliefs is like and why the proposed explanation is the most conservative for him?
18) In the conceivability argument, who is the person for whom the alternative explanation is the most conservative? Describe his system of beliefs or state some of his key beliefs so that it is obvious what his system of beliefs is like and why the alternative explanation is the most conservative for him?

Free will libertarian argument
19) What is free will, defined through the principle of alternative possibilities, as the free will libertarian would have it?
20) Why does the free will libertarian subscribe to the free will, defined through the principle of alternative possibilities?
21) Does the free will libertarian subscribe to or reject dualism?
22) Why did you answer 21) as you did?
23) Is the proposed explanation of the near-death experience issue conservative to the libertarian?
24) Is the alternative explanation of the near-death experience conservative to the libertarian?
25) Is the proposed explanation of the conceivability issue conservative to the libertarian?
26) Is the alternative explanation of the conceivability issue conservative to the libertarian?

Identity
1.What is personal identity? Define.
2.What is the Illusion Theory of Personal Identity? Define.
3.What about our experience supports the Illusion Theory of Personal Identity? Explain how.
4.What is one counterexample that the Illusion Theory fails to explain?
5.What is the Body Theory of Personal Identity? Define.
6.What is one counterexample that the Body Theory fails to explain? (Hint: in this counterexample, the body remains the same, while personal identity changes)
7.What is the Soul Theory of Personal Identity? Define. (Hint: in this counterexample, personal identity remains the same, while the soul is …)
8.What is one counterexample that the Soul Theory fails to explain? (Hint: in this counterexample, personal identity remains the same, while the soul is …)
9.What is the Memory Theory of Personal Identity? Define.
10.Explain how the memory theory explains the counterexample in 6).
11.Explain how the memory theory explains the counterexample in 8).
Explain how the memory theory overcomes the challenge raised in 3).

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Abductive argument

1) What is an argument? Define.

In Logic, an argument is set of premises with a conclusion. A good argument is both sound and valid. An argument tries to make claims, or premises, to establish a conclusion. “I am walking my dog. I like my dog. It is a nice day.” is not an argument, but “My dog is walking slower than usual and does not want to go outside. He is sick.” This is an argument....

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